Apollo took care of the male offspring and Artemis of Niobe’s daughters. She was the daughter of Zeus and Leto. She is the twin sister of the god Apollo and one of the Twelve Olympian gods who live on Mount Olympus. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. Hesiod in his Theogony most often describes her as ‘arrow-shooting Artemis.’. Artemis' sacred animals were the Deer and the Bear. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Needless to add, Actaeon was ripped apart to pieces. Corrections? Cartwright, Mark. Angered by her husband’s infidelity, Hera hunted Leto over the whole planet and forbade her to give birth anywhere on solid earth. Artemis is the daughter of Zeus and Leto, herself a daughter of the Titans Coeus and Phoebe. Sculptors, poets, and painters, however, had no such problems. The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus located on the western coast of... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Artemis is the Olympian goddess of the hunt, the moon, and chastity; in time, she also became associated with childbirth and nature. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Artemis, wall painting from Stabiae; in the Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Naples. Books So as to devote himself to a chaste life, Hippolytus scorned Aphrodite after which the goddess of love made his stepmother fall in love with him. When Hera heard this, she prohibited her daughter Eileithyia, the goddess of childbirth, of further helping L… Finally, the goddess, as a dweller of wild nature, was linked to boundaries and transition, both in physical terms and the abstract. Just as she punished the transgressors of the sacred vow, Artemis rewarded those who kept it. Inside the temple was a giant cult statue of the goddess made of cedar-wood. In the case of Iphigenia, Artemis substituted the girl with a deer just as Iphigenia was about to be sacrificed by her father, Agamemnon. “The Homeric Hymn to Artemis” may be short and merely descriptive, but Callimachus’ 3rd Hymn dedicated to Artemis is lengthy and rather charming. Artemis, in Greek religion, the goddess of wild animals, the hunt, and vegetation and of chastity and childbirth; she was identified by the Romans with Diana. Artemis is most frequently portrayed in ancient Greek art as a beautiful maiden huntress with quiver and bow or, alternatively, a spear. As a goddess of chastity, childbirth, and fertility, Artemis Kourotrophos was the patron of young women, particularly brides-to-be, who dedicated their toys to her as symbolic of the transition to full adulthood and the assumption of a wife’s responsibilities. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. However, Leto got to the island of Delos and gave birth to Artemis while balancing herself on an olive branch. Naturally, he was killed by Apollo’s and Artemis’s arrows. Early representations also emphasise her role as goddess of animals and show her winged with a bird or animal in each hand. The less famous Siproites was just a boy when he had Actaeon’s misfortune of accidentally seeing the goddess unclothed. Artemis, goddess of the Moon, has a twin brother, Apollo, god of the Sun. Artemis plays only a minor role in the Trojan War of Homer’s Iliad and is described most often as ‘the archer goddess’ but also on occasion as the ‘goddess of the loud hunt’ and ‘of the wild, mistress of wild creatures’. Artemis and Apollo were very protective of their mother.