11: Prelude and Fugue in F major, BWV 880, No. Wilhelm Friedemann, who was born in 1710, could therefore not have been older than twelve when this composition was given to him. 2: Prelude and Fugue in C minor, BWV 871, No. 18: Prelude and Fugue in G-sharp minor, BWV 863, No. [1] The collection is generally regarded as being among the most influential works in the history of Western classical music. | X 14: "Praeludium 1"). Prelude & Fugue No. I have two (related) questions about it. 24: Praeludium [11]. In 1722, Bach included the definitive version in the manuscript of the Wohltemperirte Clavier. The three most cited sources are Forkel, Bach's first biographer; Friedrich Wilhelm Marpurg, who received information from Bach's sons and pupils; and Johann Kirnberger, one of those pupils. 20: Praeludium 7. commons. 22: Prelude and Fugue in B-flat minor, BWV 891, No. During much of the 20th century it was assumed that Bach wanted equal temperament, which had been described by theorists and musicians for at least a century before Bach's birth. Together the two volumes of The Well-Tempered Clavier consist of 24 preludes paired with 24 fugues. Review: Bach's Well Tempered Clavier from Barenboim Prelude also in WFB Klavierbüchlein, No. From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, No. 24: Prelude and Fugue in B minor, BWV 869, No. Bach compiled this second manuscript only around 1740, although once again some of the preludes and fugues it contains date from a much earlier period. Complete Recordings - 1950-1959 [7][8] His contemporary Johann Heinrich Kittel (1652–1682) also composed a cycle of 12 organ preludes in successive keys. © 2000-2020 Bach Cantatas Website, Last update: Thursday, August 01, 2019 07:02, Recordings, Reviews & Discussions - Main Page, Bach's Well Tempered Clavier from Barenboim, Review: Well-Tempered Clavier Book I - played by Daniel Barenboim, Till Fellner Records Bach's Well Tempered Clavier Book I, Bach's Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 from Pierre Hantai, Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 from Christiane Jaccottet, Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 from Kirkpatrick, Ton Koopman’s Well Tempered Clavier Book 1, Bach’s Well Temepred Clavier Book 1 from a Legend, Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 from Robert Levin, Bach & Shostakovich Preludes & Fugues from Olli Mustonen, Edward Parmentier Plays Bach's Well-Tempered Clavier, A Terrific Trio of Bach’s Well Tempered Clavier, Review: Hewitt's recordings of the Well Tempered Clavier, WTC 1 BWV 846-869 - played by Till Fellner, Das Wohltemperirte Clavier -  Pitch, Tuning and Temperament Design [C. Francis], The Hänfling/Bümler Temperament - A Trigger for Bach's Well-Tempered Clavier? 1, Article 2. 401–407. This represents an equation of the most tonally remote enharmonic keys where the flat and sharp arms of the circle of fifths cross each other opposite to C major. Prelude & Fugue No. Although the Well-Tempered Clavier was the first collection of fully worked keyboard pieces in all 24 keys, similar ideas had occurred earlier. Luigi Swich, in his article "Further thoughts on Bach's 1722 temperament". 13–24, BWV 858–869 (Ferruccio Busoni - New York: G. Schirmer, 1894) Each Prelude is followed by Fugue in the same key. Article: Implication of Bach’s Title "Well Tempered Clavier" [P. Metcalf], Composition history, Later significance and influence, What tuning did Bach intend?, References, External links, The Well-Tempered Clavier (24), collection of preludes & fugues, Book II, BWV 870-893, BACH - Well Tempered Clavier - complete recordings of both books [N/A], A couple of short essays on the Well Tempered Clavier and Brandenburg Concertos, Johann Sebastian Bach: the Well Tempered Tuning is Unequal, Technical essay, which instructs the reader about the correct harpsichord tuning for the WTC, Music of Sweet Temperament - The Well Tempered Clavier 2 or Das wohltemperirte Clavier 2, A Method for the WTC by J.S. Prelude also in WFB Klavierbüchlein, No. Most are three- and four-voiced fugues, and there are only two five-voiced (BWV 849 and 867) fugues and one two-voiced (BWV 855). 23: Prelude and Fugue in B major, BWV 868, No. (The piano, newly invented in Italy, was unknown in Bach’s native Germany when the first book was published.) 12: Prelude and Fugue in F minor, BWV 881, No. (2013) "Instruction, Devotion, and Affection: Three Roles of Bach’s Well-Tempered Clavier," Musical Offerings: Vol. 2: Prelude and Fugue in C minor, BWV 847, No. 6: Prelude and Fugue in D minor, BWV 851, No. The best-known piece from either book is the first prelude of Book I. Anna Magdalena Bach wrote a short version of this prelude in her 1725 Notebook (No. The Well-Tempered-Clavier, Book II (WTC 2) French Title: Le Clavier bien tempéré, Livre II: Spanish Title: El clave bien temperado, Librito II: Works: Preludes & Fugues (24), for keyboard, BWV 870-893 Prelude & Fugue No. Review: Fischer’s WTC I on Naxos He first gave the title to a book of preludes and fugues in all 24 major and minor keys, dated 1722, composed "for the profit and use of musical youth desirous of learning, and especially for the pastime of those already skilled in this study." 4: Prelude and Fugue in C-sharp minor, BWV 849, No. 20: Prelude and Fugue in A minor, BWV 865, No. Apart from the early versions of several preludes included in W. F. Bach's Klavierbüchlein (1720) there is an almost complete collection of "Prelude and Fughetta" versions predating the 1722 autograph, known from a later copy by an unidentified scribe.[26]. Prelude also in WFB Klavierbüchlein, No. Complete Recordings - 2010-2019, Reviews of Well-Tempered Clavier Book I: The Well-Tempered Clavier, BWV 846-893, collection of 48 preludes and fugues by Johann Sebastian Bach, published in two books (1722 and 1742). | B 1 in C Major (BWV 846): Following are public domain recordings from parts of Book 2: Problems listening to the files? Prelude also in WFB Klavierbüchlein, No. The first complete recording of the Well-Tempered Clavier was made on the piano by Edwin Fischer for EMI between 1933 and 1936. Complete Recordings - 1990-1999 It explores the intricacies of each of the 12 major and 12 minor keys and constitutes the largest-scale and most-influential undertaking for … | O | R The prelude is characterised by its wistful long series of arpeggios (broken chords). Bach would have been familiar with different tuning systems, and in particular as an organist would have played instruments tuned to a meantone system. Chapter 4 is an analysis of Bach's Fugue in E major from book II of the Well-Tempered Clavier. Prelude & Fugue No. Bach - The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1 - OpenWTC.pdf Both books of the Well-Tempered Clavier were widely circulated in manuscript, but printed copies were not made until 1801, by three publishers almost simultaneously in Bonn, Leipzig and Zurich. [10] Other contemporary works include the treatise Exemplarische Organisten-Probe (1719) by Johann Mattheson (1681–1764), which included 48 figured bass exercises in all keys,[11] Partien auf das Clavier (1718) by Christoph Graupner (1683–1760) with eight suites in successive keys,[12] and Friedrich Suppig's Fantasia from Labyrinthus Musicus (1722), a long and formulaic sectional composition ranging through all 24 keys which was intended for an enharmonic keyboard with 31 notes per octave and pure major thirds. [T. Braatz], Implication of Bach’s Title "Well Tempered Clavier" [P. Metcalf], WTC I&II - B.v. Asperen, S. Ross & G. Wilson. 6 in D minor, BWV 875 [36][37] Beethoven played the entire Well-Tempered Clavier by the time he was eleven, and produced an arrangement of BWV 867, for string quintet.[38][39][40][41][42][43]. | W Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.