Eligible students must have obtained a GED or degree from a public or private high school in Texas, must have lived in Texas at least three years during high school, and must provide an affidavit to their colleges stating that they will apply to become permanent residents at their earliest opportunity. To compare these statistics across all 50 states, see also: State demographics by citizenship status. Dr. Leon Bouvier is a Senior Fellow at the Center for Immigration Studies and Adjunct Professor of Demography at the Tulane University School of Public Health. For our purposes, we have subtracted that total from the total White population. Immigrants from Africa began to increase in the 1980s. According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 65.3 million people worldwide were displaced or fled their homes during 2015, primarily due to war and persecution. A minority of Texas' foreign-born population has become U.S. citizens. Over the past 25 years, the nation has added 60 million people; can it realistically accommodate another 60 million people over the next 25 years and another 75 million in the following 30 years? Pearson also claimed that "such policies help authorities improve public safety by helping authorities identify and arrest dangerous criminals who might otherwise go undetected. Then, Non-Hispanic Whites (hereinafter simply Whites) comprised 85 percent of the nation's population. Immigration policy determines who may become a new citizen of the United States or enter the country as a temporary worker, student, refugee, or permanent resident. The Black share will fall slightly to 11 percent. U.S. Dept. The foreign born now number at least 1.8 million. Family size averaged 3.3 persons, and was higher among Asians (3.7), Blacks (3.4) and Hispanics ( 4). Immigrants now account for one-sixth of the state’s total population and support the local economy in a growing … These numbers have undoubtedly increased since 1990. California has already reached that status, and Texas is not far behind. This rate is considerably higher than that of any industrial nation (for example, the average annual growth rate for Western Europe is one-tenth of one percent). Of the 37,501 foreign born enumerated in that year's census, 14,241 came from Mexico and many of the remaining 23,000 were of European birth (see Figure 4). GDP does not include unpaid services, such as volunteering, but does include some government activity, such as education services. Ballotpedia does not curate or endorse these articles. Texas overtook New York in 1994 as the nation's second most populous state, according to the Census Bureau. In addition, we estimate that during that same period Texas received a net annual increase from illegal immigration of at least 30-50,000. States do not have primary responsibility for immigration policy in the United States because the power to establish a uniform rule of naturalization is granted to Congress in Article I of the United States Constitution. In September 2015, the Obama administration offered to take in as many as 10,000 Syrian refugees over the following year. A 2011 Texas Monthly article described a family who would have to use an electronic security code to get through the fence and onto their own property because their house is south of the wall and north of the Rio Grande. Within the lifetime of a few Texan old timers the state has surged from about three million inhabitants (1900) to well over 18 million and it is still growing rapidly. To a considerable extent, the competitiveness of the Texas workforce of the 21st century will be determined by the language training emphasized in the schools.