Outstanding mother trees are vegetatively propagated; shield and patch budding and cleft grafting are fast and reliable methods, currently used in large-scale propagation in the Philippines. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. Slow growing but long lived. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. Young trees should be planted in holes larger than necessary to accommodate the root system. and Saissetia oleae (Ol. Seeds should be selected from viable trees with good production and quality. Distributed by Creative Resource Systems, Inc. World. Notes are given on the morphology, biology, alternative food-plants and cultural and chemical control of insect pests of tamarind; a list of over 50 species is appended. The most important pests of the growing plant are numerous species of scale insects, especially Aonidiella orientalis (Newst. They are roasted, soaked to remove the seedcoat, then boiled or fried, or ground to a flour or starch (Morton, 1987). ), Aspidiotus destructor Sign. The fruit pulp is rich in vitamin C. The fruit has many uses and important for nutrition in many parts of the world, including India. Seed can be stored for more than two years if kept in a dry, cool and insect-free place, because seeds are susceptible to attack by weevils. Indigenous to tropical Africa; widely used in the Sahel, India, South East Asia, the Caribbean and Central America. Recommended for homesteads. CRC. (2007). Box 890. Nursery diseases. In Zimbabwe, the leaves are added to soup and the flowers are an ingredient in salads. A frost-tender, tropical, evergreen tree, tamarind is densely foliated with blue green to pale green, compound, feathery leaflets which give the broad, spreading crown a light, airy effect. Updated on 26th March 2019. Iwu, M. M. (1993). The ripe tamarind pods are susceptible to different pest and diseases, especially when grown inabig plantation. Fruits of Warm Climates. Ripe fruit in humid climates is readily attacked by beetles and, Unless otherwise stated, all content on the Infonet Biovision Website is licensed under a, Surveys, designs and permits for water projects, Introduction to soil conservation measures, Basic Export Requirements (Fruit,Vegetable) in Kenya. Nick or soak seed in cold water for 12 hours. The mealybug, Planococcus lilacinus, is a leading pest of tamarind in India, causing leaf-fall and sometimes shedding of young fruits. Maintenance pruning only is required after that to remove dead or damaged wood (CRFG). Firewood, charcoal, timber (furniture, boats, general purposes), poles, food (fruit pulp for drink, fruit, spice), medicine (bark, leaves, roots, fruit), fodder (leaves, fruit), shade, ornamental, mulch, nitrogen fixation, windbreak, tannin (bark), dye and veterinary medicine. The delicate leaflets cast a diffuse, dappled shade which will allow enough sunlight to penetrate for a lawn to thrive beneath this upright, dome-shaped tree. It is caused by Fusarium sp. You can now claim your publications on CAB Direct with your ORCID iD! Plant Cultures. ISBN: 0-9610184-1-0. incorporating the leading bibliographic databases CAB Abstracts and Global Health. The ripe tamarind pods are susceptible to different pest and diseases, especially when grown in a big plantation. Ukwaju (Bajun), Mukai (Boni), Roqa or Groha (Boran), Mkwazdu (Digo), Muthithi (Embu), Mkwaju or Kwaju fruit (Giriama), Kithumula or Kikwasu or Nthumula fruit or Nzumula fruit or Ngwasu fruit (Kamba), Lemecwhet or Lamaiyat (Kipsigis, Kumukhuwa (Luhya or Bukusu), Ochwaa or Chwaa (Luo), Oloisijoi (Maasai), Morhoqa (Malakote), Aron or Oron (Marakwet), Muthithi (Mbeere), Muthithi (Meru), Limaiyus or La. Tamarind can be eaten fresh (ripe or unripe) and itcan be consumed processed into different products. The short bole can be 1 m in diameter. Germination rate around 90%. Tamarind may reach heights of 65 feet and a spread of 50 feet but is more often seen smaller. Geographical Distribution of Tamarind in Africa, Source ICRAF. Beetle larvae may attack and damage tree branches as seen in Brazil, while in Florida and Hawaii beetles attack ripe pods. Remarks: The dark brown heartwood is hard and heavy, well grained and easy to polish. A large tree to 30 m, with an extensive dense crown. Root rot. Leaves: Compound, on hairy stalks to 15 cm, 10-18 pairs of leaflets, dull green to 3 cm, oblong, round at the tip and base, veins raised.Young leaves ans very young seedlings and flowers are cooked and eaten as greens and in curries in India. Farmers commonly cultivate it in parklands in the arid and semiarid zones of West Africa (Kalinganire et al.). It might be decaying of its roots, infecting leaves, causing yellowish color, mushy spots and holes or infecting its stem. Evergreen or deciduous in dry areas.Bark: Rough, grey-brown, flaking. CAB Direct is the most thorough and extensive source of reference in the applied life sciences, There are over 13,605,000 records available in CAB Direct | Last updated on November 26, 2020. The tamarind tree is seldom affected by pests and diseases. Pollarding, coppicing. A very adaptable species, drought hardy, preferring semi-arid areas and wooded grasslands, tolerating salty, coastal winds, even monsoon climates. CAB Direct provides It should be planted in full sun. Pests and Diseases. Find out more about this exciting new development, Using our new visualization tools you can, Using our new highlighting and annotation tool you can, remove selected records that are not saved in My CABI, sign you out of your In China termites have been seen to attack the tree. Flowers: Small, in few-flowered heads, buds red, petals gold with red veins.The fruit is edible and can also be used as a sort of spice to be added to food.Fruit: Pale brown, sausage-like, hairy pods, cracking when mature to show sticky brown pulp around 1-10 dark brown angular seeds. Butani (1970) lists 8 other scale species that may be found on the tree, the young and adults sucking the sap of buds and flowers and accordingly reducing the crop. One of the major pests of the tamarind tree in India is the Oriental yellow scale, Aonidiella orientalis. Young trees are pruned to allow three to five well spaced branches to develop into the main scaffold structure of the tree. It is highly wind-resistant with strong, supple branches. TAMARIND. Tamarind scale, A. tamarindi, and black, or olive, scale, Saissetia oleae, are also partial to tamarind but of less importance. Rootsstocks are propagated from seed, which germinate within a week. (2006). The tamarind becomes a fairly large tree, so keep this in mind when planting the tree. Exploring plants and people. Seedlings, wildings, direct sowing at site, grafting and budding for best varieties. Continuing to use www.cabdirect.org 350 - 1,400 seeds per kg. (Morton 1987). Inaddition to the use oftamarind fruit infood ithas many uses inthe pharmacological industry and folk medicine. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible. They produce more fruits as well as more-uniform fruits than seed propagation. It is budded and grafted on a large scale in the Philippines. This disease is a serious problem in nurseries in the rainy season. means you agree to our use of cookies. Chionaspis acuminata-atricolor and Aspidiotus spp., suck the sap of twigs and branches and the latter also feeds on young … The most serious pests of the tamarind are: Scale insects; ( Aonidiella orientalis , Aspidiotus destructor and Saisetia oleae ), mealy-bugs ( Nipaecoccus viridis and Planococcus lilacinus ), and a borer ( Pachymerus gonagra ) are the most serious pests of the tamarind. Like most websites we use cookies. Tamarind can be eaten fresh (ripe or unripe) and it can be consumed processed into different products. Seedlings should attain at least 80 cm before being transplanted to their final location at the beginning of the rainy season. Seedlings should begin to produce fruit in 6 to 8 years. The symptoms were wilting of the leaves, diseased seedlings could be uprooted easily due to the rotting of the roots, and the phloem region could be … ), and the mealybugs Nipaecoccus viridis (Newst. ECHO Plant Information Sheet. Ripe fruit in humid climates is readily attacked by beetles and fungi , so mature fruit should be harvested and stored.