However, in Spanish, it is not extraordinary for the verb to come before the subject even in direct statements. Let’s talk about the way people use subject pronouns in some Spanish-speaking countries. It is time to see these pronouns in use. This free audio lesson is on school subjects in Spanish. In other words, a singular subject must be accompanied by a verb that is conjugated in a singular form, and a plural subject takes a plural verb. Know that it is totally normal in these countries to use “Vos” and would actually sound a little strange if people start talking with “Tú” all of a sudden, and vice versa. By this definition, the subject of a sentence can be contrasted with the predicate of a sentence, which includes the verb and often the object of the verb and related words. By this definition, the subject of a sentence can get quite complex. Also, this page requires javascript. This short quiz will test if you understood the most important points from the video. Generally speaking, they give us information about the subject, including its gender (masculine/feminine) and number (singular/plural). ¡Hasta pronto! For example, in the sentence "La chica que va al teatro no me conoce" (the girl who is going to the theater doesn't know me), "la chica que va al teatro" can be considered the full subject. ____ tengo 5 años de trabajar aquí. If this activity does not load, try refreshing your browser. Second, looking at the form of verb to be (ES) in the second sentence, we can infer that “Él” and “Ella” are the closest answers. The video intends to give you a broad idea of what the lesson is all about and includes a few important notes to learn to use subject pronouns in simple sentences and lots of examples too, so please stick until the end of the video. In Mexico, people will use “Tú” most of the time, as well as in many other Latin American countries. ______ la pasan bien juntos. He is a good student. Hence you can not start it again. Instead, we will use the personal pronoun “Ustedes”, which means that “Vosotros estáis conmigo” would mean the same as “Ustedes están conmigo“. For example, in the sentence " me amaron mis padres " (my parents loved me), padres (parents) is the subject of the verb amaron (loved). Hopefully you found the examples useful. ____ es cantante. Using Personal Subject Pronouns in Spanish, Grammatical Differences Between Spanish and English. Mi nombre es Alejandro. We do not have example sentences for subjects.Please check your spelling or try searching for similar words or phrases. “Nosotros”, “Vosotros” and “Ellos” are affected by gender rules, which means that if we are talking about a group of women, we would have to use these pronouns in a feminine form, for example: “Nosotras”, “Ellas” and so on. Also, if you want to sound more formal, then use “Usted” instead of “Tú” or “Vos”. (here the subject is implicit so based on form of the verb it could be a guy or a girl). _______ eres el novio de Ana ¿verdad? In some cases, Spanish personal pronouns could be omitted but keeping the right conjugation of the verb. “Los pronombres personales” are grouped into categories. Ayer vi a Carlos en la tienda. In an interrogative sentence, the subject usually follows the first part of a verb ("Does the dog ever bark? Please choose the best category for the remaining pronouns. These PERSONAS are very useful when learning how to conjugate verbs in any tense. Learn School Subjects in Spanish. Here you will find  a list of these pronouns, but more importantly, we will teach you how to make meaningful, grammatically correct sentences with Spanish subject pronouns. In this case we need “tú” because is the only pronoun that matches this form of the verb “to be” (SER), “eres”. In Spanish, as in English, the subject typically comes before the verb except in questions. Here are a few examples of sentences with the subject in bold: Spanish subject pronouns or personal pronouns are words used to replace a noun (un sustantivo) so they can function as the subject of a sentence. We got the end of the lesson. If you haven’t met someone before or want to sound respectful, you’d better use TÚ or USTED. Types of Spanish Nouns: List and Sentences, The Rules for Masculine and Feminine Nouns in Spanish, Regular Verbs in Spanish: Conjugation, List and Sentences, Making Sentences using ESTAR in Spanish (with audio), Making Sentences using SER in Spanish (with audio), Subject Pronouns in Spanish – PDF Worksheet, Conjugating -AR Regular Verbs in Spanish (Present) – PDF Worksheet, Conjugating -ER Regular Verbs in Spanish (Present) – PDF Worksheet, Conjugating -IR Regular Verbs in Spanish (Present) – PDF Worksheet, Talking about Transportation Means in Spanish, Getting around Campus in Spanish - Listening Practice, Spanish Phrases and Questions for Basic Conversations, La familia - Describing your family in Spanish, Drinks in Spanish: Vocabulary and Listening, Estudia francés y español. However, in Spanish, it is not extraordinary for the verb to come before the subject even in direct statements. This kind of pronouns are used in every single conversation we have. The subject of a verb can be contrasted with its object, which receives the action of the verb rather than performs it. Generally speaking, they give us information about the subject, including its gender (masculine/feminine) and number (singular/plural). You have not finished your quiz. Here is a chart for Spanish subject pronouns and their corresponding meaning in English. On the other hand, the pronoun TÚ is more polite and acceptable in many countries, but it depends on the country’s culture. The subject of the sentence sometimes is considered to include not just the noun, but all the words in the phrase that accompanies the noun. Know that when writing these words, you must add tilde to some of them like “Él” and “Tú”, otherwise you would be making a spelling mistake. Él es inteligente”. LA PRIMERA PERSONA DEL SINGULAR (first person of the singular form) would refer to the subject pronoun YO, whereas LA TERCERA PERSONA DEL PLURAL (third person of the plural form), would refer to ELLOS/ELLAS. In Spanish, as in English, the subject typically comes before the verb except in questions. This means people will not say “Tú eres mi amigo“, but “Vos sos mi amigo“. that you are already familiar with. This means that something like “Yo vivo en Miami” would mean the same as “Vivo en Miami”. Learning how to use them is fundamental to communicate our ideas accurately. It gives us the clue that we must use “Ellos” in the next sentence. Fluent in 3 months - Language Hacking and Travel Tips Unconventional language hacking tips from Benny the Irish polyglot; travelling the world to learn languages to fluency and beyond! María vive en Estados Unidos. Gerald Erichsen is a Spanish language expert who has created Spanish lessons for ThoughtCo since 1998. Schools in Latin American countries tend to study almost exactly the kinds of school subjects that you are already familiar with. Spanish Subject pronouns are actually very easy to use. Additionally, people from all countries in Latin America will not use the pronoun “Vosotros” as it is mostly used in Spain. Traditionally, the subject is the part of the sentence that performs the action of the main verb of a sentence. To understand this more clearly, let’s analyze these two examples of simple sentences: Marcos vive en Taiwán. Do not worry about getting all the answers correctly as we will explain more details in the rest of the lesson. We simply need to find a pronoun that agrees in number (singular or plural form) and gender (feminine or masculine form) with the original noun and also make sure that the selected pronoun corresponds to the form of the verb as well. Leave us a comment if you have any doubts about using Spanish subject pronouns to make your own sentences. The subject pronouns are I, you, he, she, it, we, they, who, and whoever. You can play it again if necessary. Please visit using a browser with javascript enabled. El sujeto or the subject in Spanish is the person, animal or thing that performs the action expressed by the verb. Take advantage of our easy to use chart to learn 32 Spanish vocabulary words. Choose the subject pronoun that best describe a noun or nouns. ¡Mucho gusto! See examples of Subjects in English. In the following sentences, the subject is in boldface. Once you are finished, click the button below. When we need to ask something in Spanish to more than one people, we use the subject pronoun “ustedes”.