In Alberta, Sprague’s Pipits are found from late April to mid-September. 245 Eglinton Avenue East, The wagtails and pipits are small birds with fairly long, strong legs adapted to a terrestrial lifestyle. Most of NCC’s properties are grazed by cattle or bison. This plan provides background information on the species and outlines a set of objectives and management … There is a single entrance to the nest. When they sense any danger, they freeze hoping to stay unnoticed as they rely on their cryptic plumage. In Manitoba, these include the Fort Ellice property, Maple Lake property, which is in the Oak Lake Sandhills and Wetlands Natural Area, and the Yellow Quill Prairie Preserve. var sc_project=965006; Mountain Bluebird (Photo by Leta Pezderic), Sprague's pipit, Shoe Lake West, SK (Photo by Stephen Davis). The Nature Conservancy of Canada (NCC) owns and protects several properties where Sprague’s pipit has been found. To communicate with each other they use short 'squicks' or sharp 'pips'; only males sing their beautiful songs usually high in the air during aerial displays. Because this species is so sensitive to habitat changes and requires large blocks of intact native grasslands, it is a useful indicator of prairie health. Breeding begins as early as late April and continues until mid to late August. Nests are a small cup of grass found on the ground with standing dead vegetation folded over to create a canopy. Its preferred habitats include short-grass fields. Sprague’s pipit is considered a native grassland specialist and prefers to nest in intact prairies with moderate levels of grazing. Its habit of frequenting of farmyards and its common association with domesticated animals further enhances its risk of contracting the disease. replacedby_title | Is Replaced By - Title, hastranslation_title | Has Translation - Title, usageconsiderations | Usage Considerations. According to results of the North American Breeding Bird Survey, this species’ population declined by around three per cent per year between 1966 and 2015, adding up to an overall decline of 79 per cent. Legs are yellow to pale brown. They are unusual among songbirds in that they sing high in the sky, somewhat like a goldfinch or skylark. var scJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? There are sixty-eight species of wagtails and pipits grouped into six genera in the Motacillidae (pronounced moh-tuh-SILL-uh-dee) family. The Sprague’s Pipit is endemic to North America, where it breeds from the foothills of the Rocky Mountains in southern and central Alberta to southwestern Manitoba and south to southern Montana, northern South Dakota, and northwestern Minnesota (Figure 1; Robbins and Dale 1999). var sc_https=1; replacedby_title | Is Replaced By - Title, hastranslation_title | Has Translation - Title, usageconsiderations | Usage Considerations. Males are most often detected by their song, a series of slurred, descending notes delivered high from … Typical diets consist of insects, spiders and seeds. This wildlife status report looks at the Sprague's pipit, a small ground-nesting songbird endemic to the Canadian prairies and northern Great Plains of the United States. In the United States, they breed in northeastern and central Montana, western and central North Dakota, northwest South Dakota, and in the Red River Valley of Minnesota. Sprague's Pipit on The IUCN Red List site -,, During the breeding season, the adults are almost entirely insectivorous and feed the young on insects as well. Easiest to identify by the distinctive descending call that is delivered in the breeding season from a considerable height. This species breeds and winters in open grassland with very few to no trees or shrubs. Nesting grounds are found in the Peace River District of Alberta, Turtleford, Prince Albert and Shoal Lake, Saskatchewan, central Manitoba, North Dakota, Montana, South Dakota and Minnesota. pageTracker._trackPageview(); The best bird guide and bird watching search engine to identify The Sprague's Pipit (Anthus spragueii) is a small passerine bird that breeds in the short and mixed-grass prairies of North America and overwinters in the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. This is because it winters in large concentrated numbers in southeast Asia where outbreaks of this virus most commonly occur. The Sprague’s Pipit is a small (15–17 cm, 23–25 g) ground-nesting passerine of the Northern Great Plains. Can rear multiple broods in a summer although not all pairs will do so. Toll-free: 1.877.231.3552, Donor inquiries Sprague's pipits are inconspicuous ground-dwelling birds. The plumage of the pipits is generally drab and brown, buff, or faded white. Threats to Sprague’s pipit include loss and fragmentation of its native prairie habitat, nest predation, pesticides and climate change. [email protected] The Eastern Yellow Wagtail has the distinction of being named the bird most likely to carry the Avian Flu Virus (H5N1) from Asia to Alaska. reason for Concern Formerly more widespread and numerous, the Sprague’s Pipit has declined dramatically in numbers, as suitable native prairie has disappeared due to overgrazing, conversion to