Above this, necessary herbicide applications in the early growth stages represented a serious danger of xenobiotics input into surface water and groundwater. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London). Indian Journal of Entomology, 37(3):318-321. Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 8(2):151-153. NHM, 1926. and syrphid, Episyrphus balteatus (Degears) over mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt.). toria). Scientific Name: Monophadnoides geniculatus . 505-60-2) represented by bis (2-chloroethyl) sulfide (HD), but it also includes other compounds such as 1,2-bis-(2-chloroethylthio)-ethane. 45 (1), 41-46. The yields of silage maize varied over the regarded period from 737 to 327 dt ha−1 with a mean yield of 493 dt ha−1 (Table 9). II. Yield loss in some improved varieties of rapeseed and mustard by aphid, Lipaphis erysimi Kalt. Yield-infestation relationship and economic injury level of mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi Kaltenbach infesting rapeseed crop. Pranikee, 4:1-10. Agronomia Lusitana, 39(4):253-294, Islam N, Bhuiyah MIM, Begum A, Karim MA, 1991. Within the 9 families of sawflies, we find some with unusual habits. Outbreak of the painted bug, Bagrada hilaris (Burm.) NHM, 1935. Wildlife Toxicity Assessment for Mustard Agents, Wildlife Toxicity Assessments for Chemicals of Military Concern, Mustard gas is a colorless, viscous liquid that emits odor resembling the, Encyclopedia of Biological Chemistry (Second Edition), 000 protein-coding genes, which is a relatively small number if one considers that the small, Differential Responses of Plants to Biotic Stress and the Role of Metabolites, Plant Metabolites and Regulation Under Environmental Stress, GSLs are a class of S- and N-containing plant glucosides, have low molecular mass, and are formed by higher plants to develop tolerance against parasites and predators. on different varieties of Brassica species. (chatrimatri), Melilotus indica (senji), Cirsium arvense (kateli), Fumaria parviflora (gajri) and Cyperus rotundus (motha). Journal of Aphidology, 4(1-2):65-66; 6 ref. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 18(1):49-52, Bhadauria NS, Bahadur J, Dhamdhere SV, Jakhmola SS, 1992. They remain hidden during the day time and when disturbed fall to the ground and feign death. The female sawfly uses this ovipositor to saw a slit in plant leaves and stems, into which she then lays her eggs. Mathur YK, Upadhayat KD, 1980. Mustard gas refers to a number of related, highly toxic alkylating chemical agents that are best known for their effects on the destruction of basal epidermal cells on contact, which results in large, clear, fluid-filled blisters on the exposed skin and the mucus membranes, including those of the lungs. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, December. Chichester, UK: John Wiley. Daniel Jarosz, in Advances in Cancer Research, 2016. The land should be well prepared first by ploughing deep, followed by two cross harrowings. Control of mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt.) An account of syrphid (Diptera: Syrphidae) predators of aphids available in Darjeeling District of West Bengal and Sikkim. Hamid S, Ahmad S, 1980. Malik YP, Bhagwan Deen, 1998. in Assam. Kher S, Rataul HS, 1992a. 135, Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA). Thermal requirements and prediction of populational peaks of Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt.) The young larvae are light green in colour but gradually turn dark and fully grown they become greenish black with five lateral stripes. Indian Journal of Entomology, 54(2):181-189. © Copyright 2020 CAB International.