In piano scales, two main scales are the major and minor scales. Notice how the piano scale changes when you add a half step to the 7th scale degree. The melodic minor scale is derived from the natural minor scale. The Melodic Minor scale is different because when we go up the scale we use one pattern and when we go down the scale we use another. Come back down again and you have just played the descending A Natural Minor Scale. The natural minor scale is the most basic form of the minor scale. Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Semitone – Tone and a half – Semitone. You have just played an ascending A Natural Minor Scale. On the way up you need to raise each of the 6th and the 7th notes by a semitone (half tone). Minor scales are an important part of music theory. WHWWHWW. Your first note is indicated by the 1 shown on the first E string. I hope you enjoy playing them! Try to remember this pattern. The natural minor scale follows the notes set out in the key signature for the scale without any changes. It follows a set pattern of note intervals. Major and minor scales are variations of the diatonic scale, which is a musical scale built with intervals of 5 whole steps and 2 half steps.The diatonic pattern is as follows: It occurs when the 7th note of the natural minor scale is raised by a half step. It is said that the root of music theory can be seen by playing the Major Scale in the Key of C on the Piano (only the white keys from C to C) and every Major Scale has a relative minor Scale as seen when looking at the Circle Of Fifths.Below is how a Minor Scale is built. Scales in which the 6th and 7th degrees are flat in natural minor require naturals to raise those two degrees. It is the same pattern of notes when going up the scale as when going down the scale. The natural minor scale follows the notes set out in the key signature for the scale without any changes. Piano Scales and Minor Scales. Here is a composing task for you to have a go at to develop your ability to compose in minor keys. You just position the pattern shown below over the root (tonic) position that you want to play in. The wonderful thing about the guitar is that you have to memorize only one pattern for each type of scale and you’re set. These specific patterns of intervals are what put the minor scales into their little niche. The set pattern of intervalsfor the notes of the natural minor scale is: Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone It is the same pattern of notes when going up the scale as when going down the scale. The harmonic minor scale is a variation of the natural minor scale. Notice how the piano scale changes when you add a half step to both the 6th and 7th degrees. The Minor Scale can be thought of as whole step - half step - whole step - whole step - half step - whole step - whole step. ). on Twitter on Google+, Ben Dunnett LRSM is the founder of Music Theory Academy. The harmonic minor scale is a variation of the natural minor scale. The Harmonic Minor scale has the following pattern of half-steps, whole-steps and one augmented second (A2): W-H-W-W-H-A2-H. Simply work out the natural minor using the set minor scale intervals outlined above (Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone). Let’s have a look at each minor scale in turn. Now raise the 7th note by another semitone so the pattern becomes: Click on the image to download the PDF file. Let’s have a listen to how it sounds: Remember, the melodic minor is only used on the ascending scale. Let’s try a different example of a natural minor scale starting on a different note: By following our set pattern of note intervals for a natural minor scale (Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone) we can easily work out the natural D minor scale.