Calendula officinalis is a short-lived aromatic herbaceous perennial, growing to 80 cm (31 in) tall, with sparsely branched lax or erect stems. Orange pot marigold bloosom - Calendula officinalis field . Marigolds contain what industry believes to be the best source of lutein and zeaxanthin and are cultivated to produce vision health supplements. [citation needed] Plant extracts are also widely used by cosmetics, presumably due to presence of compounds such as saponins, resins, and essential oils. It is a non flowering plant. A leaf spot causes oval to irregular, gray to black spots on the leaflets. The choice of garden plant depends upon the characteristics whether the plant is flowering or non flowering, Perennial Flowers or Summer Plants. Different plants have different benefits. [11], The petals and pollen of Calendula officinalis contain triterpenoid esters and the carotenoids flavoxanthin and auroxanthin (antioxidants and the source of the yellow-orange coloration). Common Name: Inca marigold, Marigold inca ii yellow, Marigold inca ii, Marigold inca ii yellow Answer. Plants are useful to human beings in innumerable ways. Image of leaf, india, gold - 115950918 Marigold plant is a Annual plant and grows in habitat: Roadsides and wastelands. Please click here for more information. They are the basic sources of food for all living beings on earth. Despite its being native to the Americas, it is often called African marigold. Numerous cultivars have been selected for variation in the flowers, from pale yellow to orange-red, and with 'double' or 'semi-double' flowerheads with ray florets replacing some or all of the disc florets. The achene is linear, with a narrow base, black or brown, with short micro hairs; the crest has 1-2 long awns and 2-3 short and blunt scales. It is probably native to southern Europe, though its long history of cultivation makes its precise origin unknown, and it may possibly be of garden origin. The disc florets are tubular and hermaphrodite, and generally of a more intense orange-yellow colour than the female, tridentate, peripheral ray florets. Calendulas are considered by many gardening experts as among the easiest and most versatile flowers to grow in a garden, especially because they tolerate most soils. The fruit is a thorny curved achene [2][3] and weight in average 10.1 mg (n=50). Yellow Calendula Officinalis (Pot Marigold) Flower Isolated on White Background. (1): hypoglycemic, gastric emptying inhibitory, and gastroprotective principles and new oleanane-type triterpene oligolycosides, calendasaponins A, B, C, and D, from Egyptian Calendula officinalis", "QUANTIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF LUTEIN FROM TAGETES (TAGETES PATULA L.) AND CALENDULA (CALENDULA OFFICINALIS L.) FLOWERS", "A new extract of the plant Calendula officinalis produces a dual in vitro effect: cytotoxic anti-tumor activity and lymphocyte activation",, Articles with dead external links from November 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 September 2020, at 06:36. In temperate climates, seeds are sown in spring for blooms that last throughout the summer and well into the fall. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. Stems infected with wilt and stem rot turn brown and shrivel at the soil line. Want to know all about Marigold plant? Leaves are spirally arranged, 5–18 cm long, simple, and slightly hairy. Since old age plants are used for treating and curing different diseases. Every gardener must look for the required information on this plant before planting it. Waxy deciduous foliage is rich green and each leaf is heart-shaped, kidney-shaped or rounded with two lobes. Marigold. When did organ music become associated with baseball? The flowers are also a carminitive, diuretic and vermifuge. Instead, each cluster of flowers is made of five to nine sepals, which resemble petals, surrounding many stamens and pistils. It is said to be in bloom on the calends of every month, hence its Latin name, and one of the names by which it is known in Italy - fiore d'ogni mese - countenances this derivation. The disease starts on the lower leaves and progresses upward. Did you find this helpful? It is also widely naturalised farther north in Europe (as far as southern England) and elsewhere in warm temperate regions of the world. The marigold plant is an anthelmintic, aromatic, digestive, diuretic, emmenagogue, sedative and a stomachic. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). Calendulas are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including cabbage moth, gothic moth, large yellow underwing, and setaceous Hebrew character. There are many characteristics of plants that makes them endlessly fascinating. Leaves are pinnately divided; there are a few glands along the leaf margin. Calendula officinalis is widely cultivated and can be grown easily in sunny locations in most kinds of soils. Wreath of leaves. [12], The flowers of Calendula officinalis contain flavonol glycosides, triterpene oligoglycosides, oleanane-type triterpene glycosides, saponins, and a sesquiterpene glucoside. 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