In the Shia's view, however, the dominant opinion is that as long as the redness in the eastern sky appearing after sunset has not passed overhead, Maghrib prayer should not be performed. The time at which the first part of the Sun appears above the horizon. The above two astronomical measures can be obtained accurately from The Star Almanac, or can be calculated approximately. Prayer Times Abu Dhabi.com The declination of the sun is the angle between sun's rays and the equator plan. The “second dawn” is the brightness that appears along the horizon in the east and extends north to south. ) [5], The five intervals were defined by Muslim authorities in the decades after the death of Muhammad in 632, based on the hadith (the reported sayings and actions) of the Islamic prophet. ⁡ ( Prayer Times Abu Dhabi If a person is forced to delay the prayer, there is no sin so long as he prays before the sun sets. L There are varying opinions regarding the exact salat times, the schools of Islamic thought differing in minor details. ) Wudu is needed for all of the prayers. The time for Subh (Fajr) prayer lasts from the beginning of the pre-dawn so long as the sun has not yet started to rise. ) ⁡ Word Taraweeh comes from tarviha, which means one time rahat (rest); the two time rahat (rest) is known as tarvihatain, which comes to eight Rakaats; the three or more times rahat is called taraveh as it comes to 12 or more Rakaats. When the Sun begins to decline after reaching its highest point in the sky. ][clarification needed] This prayer needs to be given in the middle of the work-day, and people normally make their prayers during their lunch break. Because the start and end times for prayers are related to the solar diurnal motion, they vary throughout the year and depend on the local latitude and longitude when expressed in local time. Time for dhuhr and asr prayers overlap, but the zuhr prayer must be offered before asr, except the time about 10 minutes before sunset, which is delegated exclusively to asr. The shadow will keep on growing shorter until it reaches a certain point, then it will start to increase, falling towards the east. [5][note 1] In modern times, various religious or scientific agencies in Muslim countries produce annual prayer timetables for each locality, and electronic clocks capable of calculating local prayer times have been created. 20 Rakaat are typically performed; a short rest is taken after every four Rakaats. Shia differs regarding end of zuhr time. , as follow: [7], In addition to the above measures, to calculate prayer times for a specific location we need its spherical coordinates.[8]. It is called for the Maghrib prayer when the sun is completely folded behind the horizon, plus 3 minutes by precaution. When the sun starts to rise then stop praying, for it rises between the two horns of the Shaytaan.”. (2)    The time of necessity. Dhuhr and asr time overlaps, apart from first 5 minutes of dhuhr, which is exclusively delegated for it. Practical way of knowing when the time for Zuhr has ended: go back to the stick or pole which we described above. [2][3], The timing of the five prayers are fixed intervals defined by daily astronomical phenomena. The dominant opinion in the Hanafi school says that Asr begins when the length of any object's shadow is twice the length of the object plus the length of that object's shadow at noon. To calculate the prayer times for a given location, we need to know the latitude (L) and the longitude (Lng) of the location, along with the local Time Zone for that location. Answer: if you want to calculate when midnight is, then calculate the time between sunset and the break of true dawn (when Fajr begins) then divide it in half; that halfway point is the end of the time for praying ‘Isha’ (and that is midnight). It becomes obligatory for every Muslim adult male to perform the funeral prayer upon the death of any Muslim, however when it is performed by the few it will not be obligation for all. Asr can be split into two sections; the preferred time is before the sun starts to turn orange, while the time of necessity is from when the sun turns orange until sunset. Fajr begins at subh saadiq -- true dawn or the beginning of twilight, when the morning light appears across the full width of the sky -- and ends at sunrise. We know that the time for ‘Asr begins when the time for Zuhr ends, i.e., when the length of an object’s shadow becomes equal to the length of the object itself. [3] Abu Bakr and other early followers of Muhammad were exposed to these fixed times of prayer of the Syrian Christians in Abyssinia and likely relayed their observations to Muhammad, "placing the potential for Christian influence directly within the Prophet’s circle of followers and leaders."[3]. In case Maghrib is not equal to Sunset, we can apply the above rules to Maghrib as well to make sure that Maghrib always falls between Sunset and Isha during the abnormal periods. The time for Maghrib lasts until the twilight has faded. The time of the Maghrib prayer is as long as the twilight has not disappeared. Salat times refers to prayer times when Muslims perform salat. ⁡ When you see that the red afterglow has disappeared from the horizon, this is a sign that the time for Maghrib has ended. The time of the `Ishaa prayer is up to midnight. 1 Part of the wisdom behind doing the prayers at these times is so that people will not get bored or find it too difficult, which would happen if they all had to be done at once.