Meanwhile, the top Indian and Chinese leadership have participated in several virtual meetings this month, including the summits of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation and the Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa (Brics) grouping. [23][a], At the end of the 1962 war, India demanded that the Chinese withdraw to their pre-8 September 1962 positions. The troop movement of Chinese military comes at a time when both the countries are in a stand-off along the Line of Actual Control at Pangong Tso and the Galwan river valley. India formally accepted the concept of the LAC when Rao paid a return visit to Beijing in 1993 and the two sides signed the Agreement to Maintain Peace and Tranquillity at the LAC. It denotes a kind of boundary separating parts of Indian UT i.e. Shaiba Rather is a J.D. [14], On 24 October 1962, after the initial thrust of the Chinese forces in the Sino-Indian War, the Chinese premier Zhou En-lai wrote to the heads of ten Afro-Asian nations outlining his proposals for peace, a fundamental tenet of which was that both sides should undertake not to cross the "line of actual control". However, there is no exchange of maps on western sector. In a, related to the abrogation of Article 370, the Indian government not only stripped the territory of its autonomy but also overturned provisions that shielded Kashmir from land purchases made by non-Kashmiris. It is a big empty region and nearly 50 to 100 kms distance is maintained by the armies of India and China. Deputy Director General of the Asian Affairs at the Foreign Ministry, Huang Xilian later told Indian journalists that “We tried to clarify some years ago but it encountered some difficulties, which led to even complex situation. India considers the LAC to be 3,488 km long, while the Chinese consider it to be only around 2,000 km. Learn more. Modi’s recent Diwali remarks, which followed the eighth diplomatic talks, perhaps best emphasize this emboldened stance: “India has shown it has strength and the political will to give a befitting reply to those challenging it. The LAC is located in three difference sectors: Eastern sector: Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim, Middle sector: Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh. "[8] However clause number 6 of the 1993 Agreement on the Maintenance of Peace and Tranquility along the Line of Actual Control in the India-China Border Areas mentions, "The two sides agree that references to the line of actual control in this Agreement do not prejudice their respective positions on the boundary question". In that sense, the LAC, together with a disputed border in the east (the McMahon Line for India and a line close to the McMahon Line for China) and a small undisputed section in between, forms the effective border between the two countries. They also haven’t shied away from sparring in what can only be called a rhetoric war with prominent nationalistic undertones. Independent India was transferred the treaties from the British, and while the Shimla Agreement on the McMahon Line was signed by British India, Aksai Chin in Ladakh province of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir was not part of British India, although it was a part of the British Empire. Get latest Lac News in Hindi, updates and stories. into disputed areas of the Himalayan frontier. The LAC separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory. Important for China, India also. In anonymous media interviews, Indian officials have signaled an agreement that includes no-patrol zones, the reduction of military tanks and artillery, and the use of drones to monitor withdrawal. The world now knows that India will not compromise with its interests even one bit.” Ultimately, the world will have to wait and see if the two countries can truly disengage from the quarrels in the face of a harsh winter or if they’ll only dig their feet in the ground even further. The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is a notional demarcation line that separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory in the Sino-Indian border dispute. It is scattered in three areas of northern Indian states: eastern (Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh), western (Ladakh, Kashmir), and middle (Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh). The world now knows that India will not compromise with its interests even one bit.” Ultimately, the world will have to wait and see if the two countries can truly disengage from the quarrels in the face of a harsh winter or if they’ll only dig their feet in the ground even further. The same kind of situation exists at the LOC where Pakistan army using POK regions to send terrorists in India. These encroachments have only increased in aggression, perhaps a response to New Delhi’s bold vows to take back Chinese-administered Aksai Chin following the election of Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2016. There are two common ways in which the term "Line of Actual Control" is used. Their proposals formalised the Chinese pledge of 20-kilometre withdrawal and the same line was used, labelled as "the line from which the Chinese forces will withdraw 20 km. India maintained that the decision to abrogate Article 370 was purely a domestic one, facially made in the name of development and critiqued for its apparent Hindu nationalist agenda. Perhaps hoping to capitalize on international attention, former Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Farooq Abdullah stoked the fire, stating that following the abrogation of Article 370, Kashmiris do not want to be Indian and would prefer to be ruled by China instead. Indian part (southern and eastern parts of the region) of LOC is known as Jammu and Kashmir which constitutes about 45 percent of Kashmir. These agreements were signed in September 1993, November 1996, April 2005 and October 2013. In the eastern sector, China claims land that is almost entirely encompassed by India’s Arunachal Pradesh state as Southern Tibet. The entire Sino-Indian border (including the western LAC, the small undisputed section in the centre, and the McMahon Line in the east) is 4,056 km (2,520 mi) long and traverses five Indian states/territories: Ladakh, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh. This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. In September, the two countries welcomed a. and diplomatic talks to defuse tensions. The agreement may have represented a concerted effort from both the U.S. and India to confront and curb China’s increasing assertiveness. READ | 'Prepared To Cooperate With India On COVID-19 Vaccine': Xi Jinping At BRICS Summit. China has been demanding a freeze on such construction activities and infrastructural development by India. Civil Liberties and Constitutional Rights. CBSE Board Exam 2021: Case-Study, Assertion & Reason Based Questions, MCQs in English Subject & More Application Based Questions - Check Important Changes In Paper Pattern & Exam Dates Updates! Stretching across high-altitude Himalayan peaks, the LAC is the world’s longest disputed border, despite having seen relatively few skirmishes since a tenuous truce after a 1962 war. The diplomacy followed weeks of brewing tension between the two countries and might represent a critical thawing in terse relations as fears of a, Over the past few months, the world has watched as superpowers India and China have escalated their border standoff in the midst of the global pandemic.