Chaya spinach is a leafy green vegetable in the genus Cnidoscolus consisting of over 40 species, of which only chayamansa refers to chaya spinach tree. Sixty percent or more of the foliage may be removed with no damage to the plant, and in fact, will promote bushier, healthy new growth. Broadcast the fertilizer evenly and incorporate it into the soil by tilling or disking to a depth of around 6 inches. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. Most spinach that is grown in South Carolina is of the semi-savoy type. Rinse the spinach and dry it by using paper towels or a salad spinner. Pack the soil firmly around the chaya starts and mulch around the transplant to retain soil moisture and reduce weed growth. Spinach seed that is more than a year old does not germinate well. However, unlike leaf spinach that can be eaten raw, chaya spinach tree leaves and shoots contain toxic hydrocyanic glycosides. Plant seed ½ inch deep and firm the soil over the seed to help ensure germination. The spiraling roots of the starts should be trimmed so they are growing downward and the planting hole needs to be deep enough so they hang vertically. Information on soil testing is available in HGIC 1652, Soil Testing. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. Growing tree spinach is commonly cultivated in Mexico and Central America and frequently seen planted in home gardens. Bolting is the formation of the flower stalk. Lime is best applied and tilled into the garden at least 3 months before planting. Growing tree spinach shrubs bloom often with both male and female flowers that are tiny and white resulting in 1-inch seed pods. Central: Aiken, Allendale, Bamberg, Barnwell, Calhoun, Chesterfield, Clarendon, Darlington, Dillon, Florence, Kershaw, Lee, Lexington, Marion, Marlboro, Orangeburg, Richland and Sumter counties. Chaya spinach tree is actually a big leafy shrub that reaches a height of from 6-8 feet and resembles a cassava plant or healthy hibiscus, with 6- to 8-inch cupped leaves borne on slender stems. for Aphids, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. The stem exudes white latex and the young stems have stinging hairs, particularly on wild growing tree spinach. For the home gardener, one plant is sufficient to provide plenty of chaya. Happy holidays from all of us at Gardening Know How. Seed can also be broadcast on 12-inch wide beds. Plant spinach seed in rows 1 to 3 feet apart, spacing seed 2 inches apart in the row. As a thank you for joining our campaign, we’ll gift you our brand new eBook,. Powell Smith, PhD, Retired Extension Associate, Clemson UniversityDebbie Shaughnessy, Former HGIC Information Specialist, Clemson UniversityBob Polomski, PhD, Extension Consumer Horticulturist, Clemson University, Justin Ballew, Horticulture & Agronomy Agent, Lexington County, Clemson Extension, Clemson University. Cnidoscolus aconitifolius, commonly known as chaya or tree spinach, is a large, fast-growing leafy perennial shrub that is believed to have originated in the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico. While spinach plants flower and go to seed as part of the end-of-life process, there are other reasons for bolting. Do not move soil toward the plants because spinach leaves that are covered by soil will rapidly rot. Remove the petioles (leaf stems) if they are too large and fibrous. Spinach should be ready to harvest in about 37 to 45 days after planting. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Chaya spinach tree is actually a big leafy shrub that reaches a height of from 6-8 feet and resembles a cassava plant or healthy hibiscus, with 6- to 8-inch cupped leaves borne on slender stems. Soil temperature above 85 °F will inhibit seed germination. Spinach grows well on a variety of soils, but it prefers a fertile sandy loam high in organic matter. Plant spinach seed in rows 1 to 3 feet apart, spacing seed 2 inches apart in the row. Spinach is a herb 0 Its a herb 2 spinach is neighter shrub nor tree so, it is a herb-1 HERB 0 it is a herb 0 its a herb 0 herb 0 It is a herb 0 its a herb 0 it is herb. Spinach also matures and goes to seed quickly, so it is better to re-seed every couple of weeks than to try and plant a large crop to harvest over time. Fresh leaves harvested from Bloomsdale spinach.Justin Ballew, ©2020 Clemson Extension. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Chaya spinach is an understory species in forests and as such is ideal grown in shade under fruit trees or palms. Soil temperature above 85 °F will inhibit seed germination. Spinach can be stored in plastic bags in the refrigerator. As a year-round source of high-quality food in a … Growing tree spinach is cold sensitive, so it should be started at the onset of the warm season. Sauté, add to soups and stews, can, freeze, dry or even steep as tea. Insect pests that may become a problem in growing spinach include aphids, cutworms, cabbage loopers, corn earworms, and diamondback moth caterpillars. Piedmont: Abbeville, Anderson, Cherokee, Chester, Edgefield, Fairfield, Greenville, Greenwood, Lancaster, Laurens, McCormick, Newberry, Oconee, Pickens, Saluda, Spartanburg, Union and York counties. Water the garden sufficiently to moisten the soil to a depth of 6 inches. Use resistant varieties to avoid downy mildew. Copyright © 2020 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact [email protected], College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Integrated Pest Management (I.P.M.) Thin out weaker spinach seedlings to give healthy plants … It can survive temperatures of 20 °F without injury, making it an excellent vegetable to harvest through the winter and into the spring, when given proper maintenance. Spinach is sensitive to acidic soils; therefore, follow the results of a soil test to maintain a soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0. This will reduce the development of foliar diseases. Spinach has several other vitamins and minerals, including potassium, magnesium, and vitamins B6, B9, and E. It is an extremely nutrient-rich vegetable. Spinach, Spinacia oleracea, is a leafy herbaceous annual plant in the family Amaranthaceae grown for its leaves which are used as a vegetable.The spinach plant has simple leaves which stem from the center of the plant … If fertilizer is broadcast, avoid burning the plant foliage by watering overhead after the application to wash fertilizer granules off the leaves. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at [email protected] or 1-888-656-9988. Unfamiliar to many North Americans, we wonder what is tree spinach and what are the benefits of the chaya plant? The savoy characteristic refers to the amount of leaf crinkle. [3] The specific epithet, aconitifolius, means "Aconitum-like leaves". It has succulent stems which exude a milky sap when cut. Coastal: Beaufort, Berkeley, Charleston, Colleton, Dorchester, Georgetown, Hampton, Horry, Jasper and Williamsburg counties. To have the most success, plant spinach seeds in nitrogen-rich soil and keep the temperature lower than 80 °F (27 °C). Apply lime and pre-plant fertilizer according to soil test recommendations. So, this holiday season, we created a giving campaign for two of our favorite non-profits who are working to help put food on the tables of hungry families across the U.S. and around the world. Water the garden to provide a uniform moisture supply to the crop. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. It takes some time for the chaya to establish but after the first year, the plants may be pruned and harvesting commenced. Spinach plants can grow and thrive in a wide range of climates. Plant spinach in early spring to avoid high temperatures and long days, which cause the plants to bolt, or form flower stalks. Slow-bolting is an important varietal characteristic for overwintered and spring plantings. The optimum soil temperature for spinach seed germination is 70 °F. Chaya spinach tree is propagated via woody stem cuttings that are 6-12 inches long in well draining soil. Add compost or green manure to the planting hole to add nutrients prior to planting the chaya spinach tree canes. 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