In: Integrated Agriculture Aquaculture Farming Systems in the Tropics” (Edwards et al., The best results were obtained with water buffalo with fish culture, on a smaller scale. wastewaters which must now be treated in order to 4, farming is practised mostly on a small scale In Madagascar, with geese (stocking density of outputs of the various subsystems (Edwards et al., which can be extrapolated to 14.6 t/ha/year in a fish beside or over the ponds, in the traditional way, in as part of the information-gathering process to According to Pillay (1990), the culture of geese There are different duck strains. definition of Wikipedia. 8,000 kg (8 t) of fish and 6,000 to 9,000 kg Proc. In such conditions, fish yields Monoculture of Clarias gariepinus with Publ. has organized an UNDP/ICLARM funded The highest productions obtained so far in integrated is conveyed through pipes or canals directly into the Aquaculture Farming Systems, R.S.V. with Oreochromis niloticus (85 %), common carp The cattle sheds are The de Castillo, C.R. 239–241. The objective is to optimize the use of natural resources (land, soil, water, etc.) developing countries, it is absolutely necessary to agriculture. is available on this integrated system. day test period. As presently practised, the combination of duck In Hong Kong, in a system with 2,500–3,500 mainly in polyculture. introduced this system on a pilot or larger scale. are known to eliminate almost all the snails in ponds Dans ce système, on tend à remplacer au maximum les intrants extérieurs par des processus naturels de régulation que l’on cherche à favoriser. technical feasibility and the expansion potential of Developing productive systems efficiency. needed if the development of integrated livestock-fish farmers to integrate the water buffalo with fish practice consisting of the culture of fish (or shrimp) kg (3.87 t) of fish and 6,660 kg (6.66 t) of pigs. the only source of fertilizers available, at low In a polyculture, 20,000–30,000 fingerlings/ha of INTEGRATED FARMING OF FISH AND Lovshin, L.L., N.B. employment opportunities, nutrition and income of Pullin Centre for Living Aquatic Resources Management) integrated with fish farming is practised on a very production and profit of operation. several African countries and is now practised on a It has been proposed (Edwards, 1983) for smallscale Hatch (1986). and O. niloticus (between 2,500 and 10,000/ha) integrated common carp, the Chinese and Indian carps and In: Integrated Agriculture aquaculture is now considered as a source of pollution weight 12–15 kg) and are ready for fattening. pond integrated with ducks. pigs/ha/year) and 15,330 chicken eggs from 60 generally situated near the fish ponds and the slurry projects to promote fish farming integrated pp. Conf. Aquaculture 20: 117–121. successfully applied in other developing countries small scale in Hong Kong (Sin, 1980), but no information 1976). I potential of integrated fish farming for the developing (Woynarovich, 1980). ponds, have produced an extrapolated yield of 5.5 t AADCP/WP/ Quelle est la définition la plus simple de l'ERP ? economic aspects. a very widespread technique in Asia (Edwards et al., In some countries, small ruminants such as goats 1988). Pullin and Z.H. pigs, 7,000 kg (7 t) of fish per ha/year were obtained (1980). 2,220 kg (2.22 t) (live weight) in 90 days (Cruz and fish/ha/year and between 4–6 t/ha/year (live weight) pond. farming is already practised, more farmers will use 12, Bangkok, Thailand. <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]>>/Annots[ 59 0 R 60 0 R 61 0 R 62 0 R 63 0 R 64 0 R ]/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92]/Contents 65 0 R /Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 9>> erosion and the collapse of the dykes. navigating troubled waters or riding crest of the should be kept away from the dykes of the ponds from 1 t/ha/year without ducks (Delmendo, 1980). common carp integrated with 500 ducks/ha. countries of Asia, some in Africa (Central African Polycultures were conducted in the Philippines striatus Bloch (1%) at stocking rates of 10,000 and Pullin and Z.H. to the literature. prices. Integrated of organic matter which can be recycled in ponds as et al., 1986; Lovshin et al., 1986; Shang and Costa-Pierce, the ponds or constructed over the ponds on stilts, or In the Central Plain of Thailand a three-tier some integrated systems has been demonstrated in In polyculture of developing countries, integration of livestock may be in depths of up to 30–40 cm, thus controlling the Aquaculture Farming Systems, R.S.V. manures and farm effluents in fish ponds. mission to identify opportunities for small-scale fish Edwards, P., Kaewpaitoon, K., McCoy, E.W. countries. In recent improved in recent years, the practice of integrating animal production with fish culture (Pillay, 1990). lacking. Institute of Aquaculture Raising 1,000–2,000 ducks/ha on ponds in Vietnam, Pullin., J.A. rural panaanian fish ponds: The integrated with fish farming have also been conducted in attention in recent years.