Outside of primary and secondary, other types of hypertension mean managing the causes and symptoms of high blood pressure. International Journal of Hypertension - Table of contents 2019 International Journal of Hypertension publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies related to hypertension, with a special focus on vascular biology, epidemiology, pediatric hypertension, and hypertensive nephropathy. ; Beta-blockers are no longer considered as first-line drugs, according to JNC 8 guidelines for hypertension. Using the lower threshold as defined by the 2017 ACC/AHA guide-lines, the prevalence of hypertension for patients 20–44 years of age is 30% in men and 19% in women. Here, we go over types and stages of high blood pressure. For hypertension and pregnancy, the Europeans provide clear definitions and classifications as well as comprehensive recommendations for laboratory testing, risk stratification, and pharmacotherapy. PSAP 2019 BOOK 1 t Cardiology 8 Hypertension readings of 130–139/80–89 mm Hg should receive drug ther-apy (Muntner 2018). JNC 8 Hypertension Guideline Algorithm Lifestyle changes: • Smoking Cessation • Control blood glucose and lipids • Diet Eat healthy (i.e., DASH diet) Moderate alcohol consumption Reduce sodium intake to no more than 2,400 mg/day •Physical activity Moderate-to-vigorous activity 3-4 days a … The modular neural network architecture is formed by three modules. In 2017 the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) were the first to do so, 2 followed by the European Society of Cardiology and European Society of Hypertension (ESC/ESH) in 2018, 3 and most recently the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), who published their ‘Hypertension in Adults’ guideline in August 2019. Mancia G and Hall J (2019) Introduction to a Compendium on the Pathophysiology and Treatment of Hypertension, Circulation Research, 124:7, (967-968), Online publication date: 29-Mar-2019. For example, in the ESC/ESH guidelines, hypertension in pregnancy is defined as mild (140-159/90-109 mm Hg) or severe (≥160/110 mm Hg). In this paper, we present a new model based on modular neural networks (MNN) to classify a patient’s blood pressure level (systolic and diastolic pressure and pulse). Hypertension prevalence increases as patients age. JOINT NATIONAL COMMITTEE (JNC) GUIDELINES FOR HYPERTENSION. Revisions in JNC 8 guidelines include first-line drugs as Thiazide, ACE inhibitors, ARBs & calcium channel blockers (CCBs). Tests are performed with the Levenberg-Marquardt (trainlm) and scaled conjugate gradient backpropagation (traincsg) training methods. ; ACE inhibitors/ARBs are first choice drugs in patients with CKD irrespective of ethnic backgrounds. Study of the European Society of Hypertension on Blood Pressure Control in ESH Excellence Centres dedicated to Professor Alberto Zanchetti. The most important task of the European Society of Hypertension is to improve blood pressure treatment and increase blood pressure control, thus decreasing cardiovascular risk, premature cardiovascular and renal morbidity and mortality, with in … March 29, 2019