The name is slightly misleading because Large Pine Weevils feed on the living bark of most woody or herbaceous plants. This large weevil (10 -13mm) has orange or creamy-yellow bands on the elytra across a dark background. The timing of these feeding periods depends on both the physiological condition of the insects and the ambient temperature. It is important to note that the knapsack application of Cypermethrin is only effective for approx. Part of Springer Nature. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions, You can also search for this author in If the average count on a site felled more than 12 months is. Beyer-Petersen, B. Juutinen, P. Kangas, E. Bakke, A. Butovitsch & M. Eidmann Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde volume 37, pages 14 – 15 (1964)Cite this article The large pine weevil (Hylobius abietis) can cause very substantial tree plant mortality in reforestation sites. Clear the soil away from a quarter of a stump, at least 40 cm out and 30 cm down from soil level. volume 37, pages14–15(1964)Cite this article. 6 weeks, so predicting the optimum time of application is critical. Hylobius abietis and species of Hylastes (Black Pine Beetles) breed principally in stumps and roots of felled trees of a wide range of conifer species. (Studien überHylobius abietis L. I. Entwicklung und Generationsdauer in den nordischen Ländern.). The following relationships have been collated from the published literature (see 'References'). Recording the wildlife of Leicestershire and Rutland. Click here to support NatureSpot by making a donation - small or large - your gift is very much appreciated. This method should be viewed as an indicator only. Enter a town or village to see local records, Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data) Thank you. Development and life cycle in the Nordic countries. Life History. Adult large pine weevils may live for up to four years. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02092188, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. For instance, conditions in 2016 produced very high numbers. Development and life cycle in the Nordic countries. Bejer-Petersen B, Juutinen P, Kangas E, Bakke A, Butovitsch V, Eidmann H, Heqvist KJ, Lekander B (1962) Studies on Hylobius abietis L. I. Subscription will auto renew annually. The adults hibernate overwinter and then feed on the bark of mainly sapling fir, pine and spruce. The body length is from 8 - 14 mm. Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Remove bark from the cleared area using a wood chisel. Most pine weevil feeding occurs between early March and November. Heavy damage can completely girdle stems and cause plant death. Hylobius abietis and species of Hylastes (Black Pine Beetles) breed principally in stumps and roots of felled trees of a wide range of conifer species. They may attack at any time of year when it is warm enough for insect activity. The period during which plants remain vulnerable to damage varies considerably, depending on plant size and species as well as insect populations. Pine weevil Hylobius abietis is the most dangerous pest of restock areas. Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015, Leicestershire Amphibian & Reptile Network, Market Bosworth & District Natural History Society, Natural History Section, Leicester Literary & Philosophical Society, Leicestershire & Rutland Swift Partnership. Coniferous forests and areas with coniferous trees. Hylobius abietis, the Pine weevil, Large pine weevil, and spruce weevil . It is therefore necessary to protect the plants directly through dipping and/or spraying with the insecticide Cypermethrin. Also include at least one major root and two root- stump junctions. 1.1 Life cycle of Hylobius abietis The length of the life cycle of H. abietis is dependent on different factors. Typically, after two growing seasons, Sitka spruce will no longer be susceptible to damage. Felling a coniferous crop produces a large increase in breeding material for the pine weevil, whilst plant material suitable for adult feeding is reduced. High pruning of conifer and broadleaf trees, Nutrient deficiencies: how to take foliar samples, Managing Pine Weevil - Methods and Options, Winner of ‘Trees on the Farm’ Category of Teagasc Forest Photo Competition Announced, Head Office: Teagasc, Oak Park, Carlow, R93 XE12. This damage can prevent the young tree growing. This damage can prevent the young tree growing. No successful means of controlling the population in the stumps is currently available. This species is regarded as the most important pest of conifer seedlings planted after clear felling throughout Europe especially in countries which use this way of forest management. The adults hibernate overwinter and then feed on the bark of mainly sapling fir, pine and spruce.