As an alternative, consider upgrading the decking and railings with composite materials (bottom right). If your surface decking is cedar or another lumber, apply a sealer and/or stain as desired. In order to keep the deck quite low to the ground, we are using 2 x 6 lumber for the underlying joists and also for the perimeter rim joists. 0000023602 00000 n The easiest way to do this is by measuring the diagonals. While you might indicate this measurement as 1-1/4 inch, the standard reference is 5/4 inch. ��A���H�G�$\K! Decks of this sort are subject to all kinds of building codes, and to be in compliance with the law you must apply for a building permit and have the structure inspected at different points during the construction. 0000002638 00000 n 0000038502 00000 n 0000028078 00000 n Building an attached deck, in other words, is a major project that requires fairly advanced skills. 0000008001 00000 n Pressure-treated lumber (top right) is the standard material to withstand weather. Adjust the strings as needed. 0000003843 00000 n 0000002057 00000 n Bryan Trandem is an avid home improvement DIYer and trained Master Gardener. 0000014344 00000 n 24 0 obj <> endobj xref 24 58 0000000016 00000 n An easy scale to use is 1 square = 1 foot. The first step is to create a plan. Measure all spacing, and make adjustments to the concrete piers as needed. This is a simple 12 foot X 16 foot deck design slightly elevated and includes a stair case. If the last decking board does not fit perfectly, you can rip it down to the proper width with a circular saw. 0000002015 00000 n You can weight down the landscape fabric with bricks or stones. Sketch in the location of the support joists. 12X14 RECTANGLE DECK 12 ft 14 ft Total square footage: 168 BEYOND BASIC CONSTRUCTION TOOLS, YOU WILL NEED: DIY TIPS TO REMEMBER: Take this to a builder or dealer to get all the components & estimates necessary for your ideal deck Easy for DIYers to build (25) 1 x 6 x 16' Trex® Grooved-Edge Deck Boards (1) 1 x 6 x 16' Trex Square-Edge Deck Board 0000026233 00000 n The outer joists that butt up against the ends of the support joist are called the ​rim joists​. Periodically use a long 2 x 4 and a 4-ft. level to check the excavation site for level. Rough sketch showing how rim joist and outside joists are secured. Link to Lowe's Home Improvement Home Page, How to Build a Deck: Wood Decking and Railings, How to Build a Deck: Composite Stairs and Stair Railings, How to Build a Deck: Post Holes and Deck Framing, How to Build a Deck: Composite Decking and Deck Railings, How to Build a Deck: Post Holes and Framing. Building a deck is the ultimate backyard DIY project. 0000023472 00000 n 0000011455 00000 n trailer <<665DA633778C4F0A8CED794FC8989A0E>]/Prev 359303>> startxref 0 %%EOF 81 0 obj <>stream %PDF-1.7 %���� See the complete deck project from design to finishing touches. The landscape fabric is not mandatory, but it will keep weeds from going up from beneath your deck. 0000026638 00000 n Use fasteners and hardware labeled for treated lumber — stainless-steel or hot-dipped, galvanized screws. ft.) Room enough to break your space into zones. Continue positioning the joists in the remaining rows of piers. Note what elements of the project require inspection and plan your work accordingly. Pressure-treated wood shrinks as it dries. Leave a 1/4-inch gap between each decking board to allow for drainage. Building a deck using-pressure treated lumber can be faster and more efficient for an experienced builder for several reasons. The basic deck construction for this project consists of: For larger decks, you can install parting boards — also called pattern boards — in the middle of the decking. Continue attaching the rim joist to the end of each upright joist, using three screws for each joist. Now, determine how many surface decking boards you will need. 0000002772 00000 n These outside joists will be connected only at the ends at this point, but once the decking boards are secured to the tops of the outside joists, the structure will be very sturdy. This is fine, since the goal is for the top of the concrete piers to be no more than 2 inches or so above the level of the surrounding lawn. Your deck will be easier to build if you choose a relatively flat spot in your yard, since sloped or uneven ground will mean a lot of digging and excavating. 12' X 16' Deck design (192 sq. **��P������ZvN�p�����:��S �Ʊ�g�a��A��A{q�4���/CH/�������((2�y��Tv�0 Sketch in the location of the support piers. 0000029000 00000 n 0000008360 00000 n Don't worry about perfect precision at this point—you will be doing some fine-tuning as you position the support joists across the piers. In our example, ordering one extra 2 x 6 and at least one extra decking board would be a good idea. 0000011874 00000 n In our 10 ft. x 10 ft. example, each joist is supported by three piers, with the joists overhanging the outside piers by 1 foot. 0000025969 00000 n Cut a 2 x 6 joist to the desired length, then position this as the center joist across the center row of piers, fitting the edge of the board into the slots in the piers. See the complete deck series at 0000011420 00000 n 0000007174 00000 n h�b``�c``�����8��A�X��,�����0 f�E���&P!�c0k k ~V�6 mĖ`5�L�@:�əq�+F%��~\���"��0�e�`r`�̰���9����"�tfi�>. 0000002613 00000 n Mark a level line at this height along the house. Select This Size. Always follow the manufacturer's recommendations for fasteners and structural hardware. Before marking for the posts, remove the sod if required by code. Dispose of sawdust and waste according to local regulations. Once the first rim joist is attached, move to opposite side and attach another rim joist to the opposite end of the joists. See How to Build a Deck: Post Holes and Framing. There may be restrictions on this kind of deck in your community. It takes some work, but this series of articles and videos shows you step-by-step instructions for each phase. The first step is to create a plan. It is always best to order just a little extra in case of mistakes. This series of articles and videos shows you how to build a deck with each material. 0000018323 00000 n The final planning step is to make a list of materials you'll need and place your order with the building supply center. In our example, we are building a very simple 10 ft. x 10-ft. deck. If you go this route, the posts must be relatively short, and the overall height of the deck can be no more than 30 inches above the ground.