Refugees from Afghanistan, Bhutan, El Salvador, Cuba, Iraq, Myanmar, and Somalia have settled in Houston; Burundians from Rwanda have also settled in Houston. [287] The University of Houston–Clear Lake and the University of Houston–Downtown are stand-alone universities within the University of Houston System; they are not branch campuses of the University of Houston. [14] In the mid-20th century, Houston's economy diversified as it became home to the Texas Medical Center—the world's largest concentration of healthcare and research institutions—and NASA's Johnson Space Center, where the Mission Control Center is located. [48] One month later, about 2.5 million Houston-area residents evacuated when Hurricane Rita approached the Gulf Coast, leaving little damage to the Houston area. [171] Other prominent Catholic jurisdictions include the Eastern Catholic Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church and Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church. [55] The rainfall exceeded 50 inches in several areas locally, breaking the national record for rainfall. Consequently, rather than a single central business district as the center of the city's employment, multiple districts and skylines have grown throughout the city in addition to Downtown, which include Uptown, the Texas Medical Center, Midtown, Greenway Plaza, Memorial City, the Energy Corridor, Westchase, and Greenspoint. Males had a median income of $32,084 versus $27,371 for females. Houston and its metropolitan area are served by the Houston Chronicle, its only major daily newspaper with wide distribution. [333] Houston City Council approved the Houston Bike Plan in March 2017, at that time entering the plan into the Houston Code of Ordinances. Metro Houston Race/Ethnicity No racial/ethnic group constitutes a majority of the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land Metropolitan Statistical Area (Houston MSA). View all Demographic Variables. Race and Ethnicity in Westchase, Houston, Texas (Neighborhood) Race and Ethnicity#1. But, according to a Rice University Kinder Institute for Urban Research 2013 opinion poll, they were surprisingly liberal on a variety of hot-button social topics, "such as immigration, gun control and equal matrimonial rights for same-sex couples".[22]. [257] Houston is a home rule city and all municipal elections in Texas are nonpartisan. The banner rads “Fight Racism – Support the Black Demands.” Photo Courtesy of Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. "The Mayor of Montrose. It is where one of the first—and still the largest—air emergency service, Life Flight, was created, and an inter-institutional transplant program was developed. [322], METRO's local bus network services approximately 275,000 riders daily with a fleet of over 1,200 buses. [345], William P. Hobby Airport (HOU), known as Houston International Airport until 1967, operates primarily short- to medium-haul domestic and international flights to 60 destinations. A weighted sum is used for counts of people or households, and a weighted average is used for statistics that are themselves some form of average, such as median household income. The city has a population from various ethnic and religious backgrounds and a large and growing international community. [349][350], See: List of colleges and universities in Houston, For a complete listing, see list of cities and towns in Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land MSA, This article is about the largest city in the U.S. state of Texas. Several private institutions of higher learning are located within the city. [113] Overall, there have been more casualties and property loss from floods in Houston than in any other locality in the United States. [71], Houston has four major bayous passing through the city that accept water from the extensive drainage system. This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees. According to a study in 2016 by Berman Jewish DataBank, 51,000 Jews lived in the area, an increase of 4,000 since 2001. The University of Houston System owns and holds broadcasting licenses to KUHT and KUHF. The new 20-story Skanska building[92] and BBVA Compass Plaza[93] are the newest office buildings built in Uptown after 30 years. The PEW study said that adherents of other religions (including Judaism, Buddhism, Islam, and Hinduism) collectively make up about 7% of the population. The city's fiscal year begins on July 1 and ends on June 30. The Outlaws play in the Overwatch League and are one of two Texan teams, the other being the Dallas Fuel. Such restrictions have had mixed results. [196], In 2006, the Houston metropolitan area ranked first in Texas and third in the U.S. within the category of "Best Places for Business and Careers" by Forbes magazine. [250] BBVA Compass Stadium is a soccer-specific stadium for the Houston Dynamo, the Texas Southern Tigers football team, and Houston Dash, located in East Downtown. [343] United Airlines' share of the Houston Airport System's commercial aviation market was nearly 60% in 2017 with 16 million enplaned passengers. [118] Excessive man-made emissions in the Houston area led to a persistent increase of atmospheric carbon dioxide over the city. [26] About a dozen persons resided in the town at the beginning of 1837, but that number grew to about 1,500 by the time the Texas Congress convened in Houston for the first time that May. The Bank of America Center by Philip Johnson is an example of postmodern architecture. In 2015, 8.3 percent of Houston households lacked a car, which was virtually unchanged in 2016 (8.1 percent). They began going to Art Wren, a 24-hour restaurant in Montrose. During that span, of all U.S. cities, Houston had the second-largest increase of foreign-born persons. In the interests of brevity and clarity we have combined several of the Census categories yielding the following mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive categories: In all cases, racial and ethnic classification is based on self-identification. Yet it persisted as a commercial center, forming a symbiosis with its Gulf Coast port, Galveston. The city of Houston was founded by land investors on August 30, 1836,[11] at the confluence of Buffalo Bayou and White Oak Bayou (a point now known as Allen's Landing) and incorporated as a city on June 5, 1837. [88], In referendums in 1948, 1962, and 1993, voters rejected efforts to establish separate residential and commercial land-use districts. This trend toward lower rates of violent crime in Houston includes the murder rate, though it had seen a four-year uptick that lasted through 2015. Houston is also one of eight cities to have an XFL team, the Houston Roughnecks. 12.7%. During the American Civil War, Houston served as a headquarters for General John Magruder, who used the city as an organization point for the Battle of Galveston. 1.11M. [87] In 2019, home sales reached a new record of $30 billion. 2019 Demographics. Instead, there was no increase in Houston's homicide rate between 2015 and 2016. Houston (/ˈhjuːstən/ (listen) HEW-stən) is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Texas, fourth most populous city in the United States, most populous city in the Southern United States, as well as the sixth most populous in North America, with an estimated 2019 population of 2,320,268. Recently, […]. [144][145] Houston has long been known as a popular destination for African Americans due to the city's well-established and influential Black or African American community. Thinking back to the 1960s, I remember my dad taking me to […], By Robinson Block A group of racially diverse students marched to President Hoffman’s office on March 7, 1969. Sam Houston Park contains restored and reconstructed homes which were originally built between 1823 and 1905.