Hexatonic scale, also called six-note scale or six-tone scale, musical scale containing six different tones within an octave.Using the syllables ut, re, me, fa, sol, and la to refer to the pitches, the 11th-century Italian theorist Guido d’Arezzo identified three hexatonic scales—which he called hexachords—built of whole- and half-step intervals. Moreover, it contains every Dominant 7th chord with Augmented or diminished 5th, that is, the 7(5) and 7(5) chords, which are formed by considering any note of the scale as the root. Beyond the realm of European music, hexatonic scales may contain unusually wide intervals, in which case they often are described as “gapped scales.” Hexatonic scales are especially common in the music of Native American peoples, notably those of the Northeast, Southeast, Southwest, and Northwest Coast regions. Hexatonic scales, but mainly the Whole Tone scale, are widely used in modern music and jazz. Figure 23. But there are other interesting possibilities: the blues scales, the whole tone scale, the augmented scale, the tritone scale and the elusive Prometheus scale. which we could harmonize as: This combination gives us a soulful, gospel flavored sound. We will also create some of our own by combining triads. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. This is a SYMMETRIC scale. These scales are for obvious reasons perfect when playing blues on the piano. This is the same scale as the MAJOR HEXATONIC scale. For example, continuing with our example above let’s say they are the I and ii chord in G major. 24). MODE- A seven note scale made from a CYCLIC PERMUTATION of the MAJOR scale. The Hexatonic scales are those having 6 notes. The hexatonic scales are six note scales. Its representation on the Harmonic Wheel is very simple, for it corresponds to 2 non-consecutive spiral lines (Fig. Next, the two most important types of hexatonic scales are described. Hexatonic scale, also called six-note scale or six-tone scale, musical scale containing six different tones within an octave. But there are other interesting possibilities: the blues scales, the whole tone scale, the augmented scale, the tritone scale and the elusive Prometheus scale. Omissions? Thus, for example, if we begin with note C, the following Whole Tone scale is obtained: Updates? CYCLIC PERMUTATION- The act of using the same scale (collection of intervals in a given sequence) and creating another by starting the sequence on a note other than the given tonic. Triad pairs can be derived from any traditional scale by pairing any two triads a step apart. The act of using the same scale (collection of intervals in a given sequence) and creating another by starting the sequence on a note other than the given tonic. That would give us the hexatonic scale we saw above. A pattern of notes, arranged in whole steps and half steps, that span an octave. Furthermore, it contains every Augmented chord formed by considering any note of the scale as the root. It is easy to prove that there are only 2 different Whole Tone scales. SYMMETRIC SCALE- A scale that repeats the same pattern throughout. Corrections? These two triads must be mutually exclusive. Famous examples include the whole tone scale, ... whole-tone scale has appeared occasionally and sporadically in jazz at least since Bix Beiderbecke's impressionistic piano piece In a Mist. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/art/hexatonic-scale, Michigan Technological University - Hexatonic Scales. Next, the two most important types of hexatonic scales are described. FOR A THOUROUGH REVIEW ON PREVIOUSLY DISCUSSED SCALES. HOSTS- Jeremy Burns, Matthew Scott Phillips, BUMPER MUSIC- "Prometheus Shrugged" (Area 47 Music). Diminished scales and their associated chords, Hexatonic scales and their associated chords. They must not share any common tones. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The only common Hexatonic (6-note) scales we find in modern western music are the blues scale and the "whole tone scale." Blues Scales for Piano. Thus, for example, if we begin with note C, the following Whole Tone scale is obtained: Due to the existing symmetry in this scale, any of its notes can be considered the tonic. Hexatonic Scale Patterns For Major & Minor Keys For lead accompaniment, most musicians become familiar with two main scale forms: seven-tone (or heptatonic) and five-tone (or pentatonic). 16. The same pattern repeats throughout. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). A Whole Tone scale has no consonant chords, but it contains every Augmented chord formed by considering any note of the scale as the root. Both of these scales are rather new to western music, starting in the late 19th and 20th century. SCALE- A pattern of notes, arranged in whole steps and half steps, that span an octave. Augmented scale representation. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Its representation on the Harmonic Wheel is very simple, for it corresponds to 2 consecutive spiral lines (Fig. -MAJOR + MAJOR- From a major triad and the major triad a TONE apart. 23). An Augmented scale contains 6 consonant chords, 3 Major and 3 minor, whose roots are the 3 possible tonics of this scale. It is easy to prove that there are only 4 different Augmented scales. An Augmented scale is composed by 6 notes in alternating intervals of 1.5W and H. Thus, for example, if we begin with note C, the following Augmented scale is obtained: Due to the existing symmetry in this scale, 3 from its 6 notes can be considered the tonic: C, E and A. Figure 24. In many cases we are simply adding a note to a pentatonic scale or deleting one from one of the seven modes. A Whole Tone scale is composed by 6 notes in intervals of one whole step. 16. A seven note scale made from a CYCLIC PERMUTATION of the MAJOR scale. Hexatonic Scales. HEXATONIC SCALES AND THEIR ASSOCIATED CHORDS. Using the syllables ut, re, me, fa, sol, and la to refer to the pitches, the 11th-century Italian theorist Guido d’Arezzo identified three hexatonic scales—which he called hexachords—built of whole- and half-step intervals. Adding a “blue note” to the regular Pentatonic Scale results in the Pentatonic Blues Scale. ANHEMITONIC SCALE- A scale with no semitones. Modulation sometimes occurs in a ballad from one mode to an adjacent mode.…. But we can also use six-tone or hexatonic patterns as a roadmap for introducing new phrasing ideas and quickly linking up different areas of the neck. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …one of the tones (hexatonic) or two of them (pentatonic). -MAJOR + MINOR- From a major triad and a minor triad a TONE apart. The Hexatonic scales are those having 6 notes. These scales provided a theoretical and practical foundation for the training of singers during the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance. In music and music theory, a hexatonic scale is a scale with six pitches or notes per octave. Let's listen! In many cases we are simply adding a note to a pentatonic scale or deleting one from one of the seven modes. Premium Membership is now 50% off! A Whole Tone scale is composed by 6 notes in intervals of one whole step. And, particularly, in improvisation techniques. Whole Tone scale representation. HEXATONIC SCALES AND THEIR ASSOCIATED CHORDS. WHOLE TONE SCALE- All whole notes. Black Friday Sale! YOU MAY WISH TO LISTEN TO THE FOLLOWING EPISODES: So far, we have discussed the following HEPTATONIC scales: We have also familiarized ourselves with the following HEPTATONIC modes: MAJOR HEXATONIC- The major scale without scale degree 7. You can combine two triads (major, minor or any combination) and make a HEXATONIC scale.