•There are several factors that can effect the solubility of a solute in a solvent. Gases as solvent. \(p\) is the partial pressure of the gas above the liquid. The gas solubility in liquids is greatly affected by temperature and pressure as well as the nature of the solute and the solvent. Thus, this addition of sulfate ions places stress on the previously established equilibrium. Example: In 100 g water at 20 0 C, 36 g salt can be dissolved. The solubility of most solid or liquid solutes increases with increasing temperature. One day, he finds a barrel containing a saturated solution of silver chloride. Just think about what happens every time you open a bottle of soda. Legal. The net ionic equation for the resulting chemical equilibrium is the following: \[ CaSO_{4(s)} \rightleftharpoons Ca^{2+}_{(aq)} + SO^{2-}_{4 (aq)} \]. Consider the following exothermic reaction that is in equilibrium, \[ CO_2 (g) + H_2O (l) \rightleftharpoons H_2CO_3 (aq) \]. If a can of soda were opened under a lower pressure environment, this outgassing will be faster and hence more explosive (and dangerous) than under a high pressure environment. Solubility and Factors Affecting Solubility. In general, solubility of a gas in water will decrease with increasing temperature: colder water will … factors that affect solubility 1. Elsa has a jar of honey that was left outside on a hot summer day. So, as we know that dissolution is an exothermic process, the solubility should decrease with an increase in temperature to validate Le Chatelier’s Principle. Hence, the soda can will be under pressure to maintain the desired \(CO_2\) concentration. If the dissolution process is exothermic the solid solubility should decrease. The concentration of solute in such a solution is called its solubility at that temperature and pressure. 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