Some earlier studies have found increases in these cancers. (sorry on I'm not much help on more information regarding PPO), Naamfon , Some key concerns with steam treatment, if not done correctly, are that it could lead to moisture gain and mold growth in the product, destruction of antioxidants, and microbial regrowth. In this case, the disease was breast cancer. Some other studies have shown that high levels of EtO affected the sperm and testicles of male animals. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. OSI does not use any synthetic stabilizers, radiation, chemicals, or high temperatures that can destroy plant matter. If samples test positive, the shipment is pasteurized using steam treatment. Based on all available information about EtO’s toxicity, EPA found that inhaling EtO over many decades can cause cancer risks of concern. 18,235 men and women exposed to EtO from 14 sterilizer plants around the country. However our products ship internationally and we had issues with the Australia, EU, and other international regulations so we worked with our supplier to switch to PPO sterilization (Propylene Oxide). I found in this forum talk about ETO maybe you can get good inform there, http://www.ifsqn.com/forum/index.php/topic/10487-spices-sterilization-method-and-equipment-required/, An explanation about Ethylene Oxide (EtO) SterilizationProcess look at, http://www.eurotherm-lifesciences.com/en-GB/applications/eto-sterilization/, http://www.inchem.org/documents/jmpr/jmpmono/v068pr20.htm, http://www.astaspice.org/i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=3393. We cannot predict the future health of any individual worker. Keep your exposure to EtO as low as possible. Saving Lives, Protecting People, The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. The study update, however, showed a smaller elevated risk for blood cancers than was seen in the earlier 1991 NIOSH study. kindly someone help me Then we compared the actual number of deaths and their causes among the EtO-exposed workers in the study to the number of deaths we expected based on the U.S. rates. Visual inspection of containers and trailers for obvious signs of damage, dirt, or infestation. Mostly, 3 common methods are used in India for sterilization of Spice and spice powders. Since 1985, companies had to use controls to reduce exposures even more. Download this handy excel for desktop access to over 140 Food Safety Friday's webinar recordings. See your doctor for regular breast exams. However, we did find an increased risk among those with the highest cumulative exposures to EtO. Cosmed Group has been the leading provider of contract EtO sterilization services from a network of facilities nationwide. However, it is important to note that the increased risk of diseases discussed in the Fact Sheet refers to workers as a group. More information on EPA’s registration review of EtO, including this risk assessment’s methods and findings, is available on EPA's website . Occup Environ Med 6(1):2-7. For more than 50 years ethylene oxide (EtO or EO) has been the technology of choice for sterilizing and pasteurizing herbs and spices. We were able to estimate cumulative exposure by calculating the EtO air sample levels and the amount of time women spent doing their various jobs at the plants. For more information about our privacy practices please visit our website. We have in-house Steam and ETO sterilization capabilities for handling both whole or powdered spices and herbs. If you continue without changing your browser settings, we’ll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies on our website. New Engl J Med:324 (20)1402-1407. Steam treating uses saturated steam under pressure for a specific duration and temperature in order to kill microorganisms. Have annual mammograms beginning at age 40. Every 15 years, EPA evaluates a wide variety of potential human health and environmental effects associated with the use of a pesticide through the registration review  process. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. We will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing. To determine if exposure to EtO is related to cancer or other diseases. At that time exposure limits dropped to 1 ppm, which is the most recent EtO exposure limit guideline required by OSHA. In addition, the agency is working to gather data on background EtO concentrations in the air through monitoring at existing air toxic monitoring sites. and permitted quantity of its residue level in the treated spices and spice powders? The results of the 1991 study showed some evidence of a link between EtO and leukemia and lymphoma (blood cancers) in men (but not in women). EPA is also evaluating new technologies and methods for measuring the chemical. The first item, entitled “Guidelines for the Early Detection of Breast Cancer,” is an “over-the-shower” card. Symptoms of leukemia may include the following: not feeling well, fatigue, weight loss, night sweats, bone pain, bleeding or bruising easily, frequent infections, fever, and swollen glands. The updated mortality study was done to learn if there were more deaths than would be expected due to cancer or other diseases among workers at these plants. At very high exposure levels, EtO is quite hazardous. The economical method among these 3 is ETO...and there is no proper information about the level of residues allowed..as per PFA.. These steps might include cooking, pasteurization, pathogen-killing chemical washes, and irradiation. Handle it as a hazardous substance. Other less serious conditions also have these symptoms. Working with the American Spice Trade Association (ASTA), the company was directly involved in the development of technology to rapidly eliminate residues of EO and its byproducts. Since 1985, when the new OSHA EtO standard went into effect, worker EtO exposures have been significantly lowered, which has reduced the risk of disease. The incidence study found no overall increase in breast cancer among the women in the study. Sign up with your email address to receive news and updates. 1. CDC twenty four seven. Dinu, You may also want to check this previous discussion, Get FREE bitesize education with IFSQN webinar recordings. The first of the two new studies of EtO, is an update of the earlier 1991 NIOSH mortality study. The incidence study of breast cancer included 7,576 women who had worked for at least one year at these plants. It is also used on approximately 30 percent of spices in the United States. The NIOSH studies were not designed to look at reproduction. Mortality among workers exposed to ethylene oxide. Download this handy excel for desktop access to over 140 Food Safety Friday's webinar recordings. For commodities with sensitivity to moisture or heat our dry, extended exposure process achieves high lethality to pathogens and other bacteria while maintaining product quality. It included 18,235 workers. The death rates for all other diseases were within the expected (normal) range. If the occurrence of breast cancer was higher among the women in our study compared to that in the general U.S. population, then this may have been due to EtO exposure. Samples are pulled for pathogen lab testing. Persons exposed to very high levels of EtO may be at an increased risk of developing blood cancers among men and breast cancers among women. To raise the benchmark of our existing products, we have been consistent with our product and process improvements and innovations. (135) DEAL OF THE DAY ENDS IN Simply Organic Gourmet Top 24 Spices Set $199.99. Ethylene oxide is used in the dried fruit industry to stop microbial spoilage in prunes and, presumably, these treatments are also insecticidal. Thanks for links....I went through those and found it useful Most workers in our studies were exposed years prior to 1985 when EtO exposures were much higher than they are today. We have in-house Steam and ETO sterilization capabilities for handling both whole or powdered spices and herbs. Get FREE bitesize education with IFSQN webinar recordings. It is important to keep in mind, however, that our studies look at the risk of diseases among the group as a whole. International Food Safety and Quality Network. This type of study is based on causes of death among exposed humans.