The Critique of the Gotha Programme (German : Kritik des Gothaer Programms) is a document based on a letter by Karl Marx written in early May 1875 to the Social Democratic Workers' Party of Germany (SDAP), with whom Marx and Friedrich Engels were in close association. Ebenfalls tritt Marx für eine konsequentere Ablehnung der sozialdemokratischen Partei gegenüber jeglichem „religiösen Spuk“ ein. Born in Trier, Germany, Marx studied law and philosophy at university. Due to his political publications, Marx became stateless and lived in exile with his wife and children in London for decades, where he continued to develop his thought in collaboration with German thinker Friedrich Engels and publish his writings, researching in the reading room of the British Museum. The bourgeoisie is here conceived as a revolutionary class -- as the bearer of large-scale industry -- relative to the feudal lords and the lower middle class, who desire to maintain all social positions that are the creation of obsolete modes of production. : Vgl. To the consciousness that the result of its efforts will be "the international brotherhood of peoples" -- a phrase borrowed from the bourgeois League of Peace and Freedom, which is intended to pass as equivalent to the international brotherhood of working classes in the joint struggle against the ruling classes and their governments. Der Wahl- oder Abstimmungstag muß ein Sonntag oder Feiertag sein. He married Jenny von Westphalen in 1843. "Universal compulsory school attendance. Er tritt gegen einen „Prinzipienschacher“ und stattdessen für ein „Aktionsprogramm“ oder einen „Organisationsplan“ zur gemeinschaftlichen Aktion ein. Instituting elected delegates into representative workers' councils that nationalise ownership of the means of production from private to collective ownership. If the material conditions of production are the co-operative property of the workers themselves, then there likewise results a distribution of the means of consumption different from the present one. oder des ehernen Lohngesetzes von Ferdinand Lassalle (II. This paragraph on the schools should at least have demanded technical schools (theoretical and practical) in combination with the elementary school. Therefore, if he himself does not work, he lives by the labor of others and also acquires his culture at the expense of the labor of others.". Its political demands contain nothing beyond the old democratic litany familiar to all: universal suffrage, direct legislation, popular rights, a people's militia, etc. Only the state to which they belong does not lie within the borders of the German Empire, but in Switzerland, the United States, etc. Die Fassung der „Arbeiterbewegung vom engsten nationalen Standpunkt“ kritisiert Marx, er hebt die internationale Verflechtung von Wirtschaft und Staaten hervor, eine Umwälzung der bestehenden Verhältnisse durch die Arbeiterklasse ist für ihn nur im internationalen Rahmen möglich („Internationalismus“). Von der Autorität (1873) | He was the most important socialist theorist during the years of the Second International. What idea lies behind these words? This page was last edited on 15 April 2012, at 06:06. Here a play on words in German. From this point of view, therefore, it is again nonsense to say that it, together with the bourgeoisie, and with the feudal lords into the bargain, "form only one reactionary mass" relative to the working class. Ebenfalls widmet er sich Themen wie der Notwendigkeit eines Internationalismus in der Arbeiterbewegung, der Stellung der Arbeiterklasse zu den anderen Klassen (beide I.