1997. This study explores the effects of the collaborative model of health impact assessment (HIA), as deployed in Monteregie (Quebec), on the development, adoption and implementation of municipal projects that include health considerations. If an effect on the primary outcome is not expected until 12 months post-intervention, this data collection point should be in the study design. Possible sources of information on these are other. (2008) Contribution analysis: An approach to exploring cause and effect. When it is not practical to design an experiment to assess performance, contribution analysis can provide credible assessments of cause and effect. In Figure 1, other influences (not shown) might be pressur. What would show that the, programme 'made a difference'? Adoption of ISC can be attributed to four factors: (1) farmer-field-school-type training that explained how the technologies worked; (2) incorporation of at least one technology in the ISC package that gave quick benefits to sustain farmer interest in adopting and learning other components whose effects took longer to become evident; (3) allowance for farmer experimentation and adaptation to local conditions; and, (4) use of a monitoring and evaluation component that identified and incorporated farmer modifications to continually improve the ISC package. What we, want to know is whether or not the programme has made a, quasi-experimental designs that might answer these questions. Are key assumptions, validated? This paper discusses methods for reconstructing theories underlying programs and policies. An outcomes chain (Morton, 2015a) is offered to help trace engagement/involvement, activities/outputs, awareness/reactions, knowledge/attitudes, and anticipated practice behaviour change. We present a rare and empirically rich application of this systematic qualitative evaluative method. actions are likely to contribute to the expected results. Results: Research uptake, use, and impact as applied to the MRM project are presented. One way of representing a theory. have an influence. What kind of evidence would. Contribution analysis works best as an iterative process. This article suggests that performance measurement can address such attribution questions. If not, the theory of change needs to be revised. Nine HIA processes were studied in nine territories and 35 individuals were interviewed. which are weak (little evidence available, weak logic, high risk. Gathering evidence can be an iterative process, first gathering, and assembling all readily available material, leaving more exhaustive, Step 4: Assemble and assess the contribution story, and, Which links in the results chain are strong (good evidence, available, strong logic, low risk, and/or wide acceptance) and. The evaluation report on the Cambodia bilateral investment case study discusses both accountability and learning findings, with the latter having an interest in informing future climate bilateral financing. Were the activities that were undertak, the outputs of these activities, the same as those that were set out in. capacity of the AROs to better manage their resources. This KMb strategy is useful for planning and considering how we engage knowledge users, context, environmental impact, unexpected developments, and the complexities of doing research and mobilizing results in the “real world” of practice. The changing culture of public administration involves accountability for results and outcomes. Observed, results are reported with no discussion as to whether they, were the result of the programme's activities. Questions of cause and effect are critical to assessing the performance of programmes and projects. Hence the present work attempts for a reasonably accurate estimation of optimum profile shifts based on pinion and gear tooth fillet strength for a load at critical loading point considering the load sharing between the gear pair on asymmetric normal and high contact ratio asymmetric spur gear through direct design. Contribution Analysis in Evaluating Capacity, Development in Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation, In the evaluation of the project on evaluating capacity, development in planning, monitoring and evaluation (Figure, 1) outlined and described by Horton et al. Contribution analysis has a major role to play in helping managers, researchers, and policymakers to arrive at conclusions about the contribution their program has made to particular outcomes. Questions of cause and effect are critical to assessing the performance of programmes and projects. Mayne, J. Method: First we outline RCF; second, we describe the MRM project; third we apply RCF to the MRM project detailing a process for engaging knowledge users and planning and tracking research uptake, use and impact. In such cases, contribution analysis can help managers come to reasonably, robust conclusions about the contribution being made by, Contribution analysis explores attribution through, assessing the contribution a programme is making to observed, results. Zhongbei Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban)/Journal of North University of China (Natural Science Edition). The serious application of formal methods to larger software development projects remains a formidable challenge. Adopting farmers enjoyed livelihood improvements, largely through selling ISC soybean. ILAC Brief 16 p.4. In development aid, a, logframe is often used to set out funders' and/or managers' expectations, as to what will happen as the programme is implemented. ... Other factors influencing the program were assessed and were either shown not to have made a significant contribution or, if they did, their relative contribution was recognized. Discussing different levels of ToC; criteria for robust ToCs and structured ToC Analysis, Considering the effect of the supporting structure and anchor on the slope stability in the excavation process, the stability calculation model is established for the slope reinforced by pre-stressed anchor and grillage beam, and the calculation model of the optimal solution of each anchor tension based on the stability of the whole process of excavation is presented. Verifying the theory of change that the programme is based on, and paying attention to other, factors that may influence the outcomes, provides reasonable evidence about the contribution being made by the, A key question in the assessment of programmes and projects, is that of attribution: to what extent are observed results due, to programme activities rather than other factors? Douthwaite, B., Schulz, S., Olanrewaju, A.S. and Ellis-Jones, J. implemented as planned. illustrating these behind-the-scenes assumptions. robustness in statements of contribution: develops the theory of change, and (2) confirms that the expected, outputs were delivered. Any weaknesses point to where additional data or, programme individuals and maybe experts, and perhaps a literature, search. This makes it difficult to measure changes in corruption levels and problematic to attribute them to interventions. that are influencing the programme in question. As a result, it is relatively more accurate and reasonable using dynamic search model to determine the critical slip surface of the slope reinforced by pre-stressed anchor and grillage beam. No exclusion criteria were applied considering that all points of view were important for this analysis. There can be a tendency for investigators to disregard or explain away null or negative results in prevention science trials. Linking diversity to organizational effectiveness, 14. Finally, some proposals are given for the wind-resistant design on bridge in the typhoon-prone areas of coastal.