Based on the type of foundation, a plinth beam may be constructed to connect different footings and provide a level surface for the construction of the superstructure. Sorry, you do not have permission to ask a question, You must login to ask question. Tell Your Construction Site Story and Win Prizes. The site engineer needs to monitor all activities and ensure that they are conducted according to project specifications. Checking the verticality of columns during their constructions is crucial to avoid a deviation from their positions. The intent is to familiarise the reader with the building process and the construction costs involved. Changes during construction are very expensive to the general contractor, and therefore, they will be even more expensive to the owner of the building! Construction of residential building required following paper work before the start of actual construction. The construction process of concrete building includes cleaning and grading of project site, layout building plan, excavate trenches for foundations, and construct foundations; plinth beams; columns; beams; and floor slabs. Sometimes, there is not much room for selecting a building site, hence problems if present need to be tackled properly. ... Related video - The four steps of the building process… The site engineer should supervise all activities to ensure that the entire work is executed according to the project specifications, and the labors’ safety needs to be considered. So, it needs great care and precision during construction. The type of foundation is then determined and designed based on soil investigation and a load of the superstructure. The construction site must be cleaned before the work is executed. … The former refers to activities before a contract is made for the construction of the works. 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After the construction of the foundations and plinth beams is present, a reinforced concrete column would be constructed. Site preparation is the first activity of post-contract construction work. Type of Soil on which type of Foundation will be decided. The construction process may include placing plain cement concrete alone or combined with rubble soiling at the bottom of the foundation to create a level surface, set up formworks, place reinforcements, pour concrete, and finally cure the concrete get the designated strength. The bottom of the excavation trench needs to be compacted to reduce possible future settlement. Approval of drawings from City Development Authority. Local authorities would check completion documents for compliance with building specifications. These steps are; Preparation of drawings as per requirements of consumers. Please enter your email address. The site investigation is conducted to evaluate engineering properties of soil in the project site upon which the design of foundation is based. Internal walls are plaster with a smooth finish, and flooring is done with tiles. In contrast, the latter refers to activities after a contract is made for the works’ construction. The sequence of constructing columns, beams, and slabs are followed for other storeys above. Various machines such as smooth wheel roller, sheep foot roller, rubber tire, crawler, and tamping plate compactor can be used to achieve the required degree of compaction, which is 90% based on international building code. Design Process. © 2009-2020 The Constructor. How to rectify the old cement pipeline leakage problem?