Sadly, during the 1800’s, the birds were hunted down in millions each year, bringing down their number so low that today they are recognized as a “Critically Endangered” species. Following the floods this winter, watch how one area is using nature as a natural protector. Heathland home to more than 2565 species. When the Endangered Species Conservation Act, the predecessor to the Endangered Species Act (ESA), was passed, the Eskimo curlew was once again listed as endangered. The sickle-billed Eastern curlew, and its smaller cousin, the curlew sandpiper (pictured), are the first shorebirds on the endangered species list. Catch up with the RSPB’s own nature detectives on the case as they look to save some very special places. The Numenius borealis is a curlew species that were once numerous in its range that spread across the Arctic tundra in Alaska and Canada. It is approximately 12-14 inches tall with a wing spread of 26-30 inches, and a bill that is about 2 inches long. Get out, get busy and get wild! Females lay 4 eggs in a slight depression in the tundra. Eskimo curlew . Slender-Billed Curlew – This bird is one of two Curlew species that are close to extinction. SC037654, We use cookies on our website to help give you the best online experience. This fantastic wetland site is located north of Southport town centre and has some of the best wildlife in the region. We are currently undertaking research that seeks to establish the extent to which declines may be related to changes in moorland habitats and land managements, including gamekeeping and predator control. Australia's Eastern curlew birds are in danger of extinction. We're working to give nature a home. Agricultural intensification of upland farmland and moorland (eg drainage and reseeding) is likely to have been important in causing past declines in breeding populations, as has afforestation of moorlands, and these activities may continue to exert deleterious effects on populations. Starting in 2014, bush-stone curlews have been reintroduced to a protected area in Mulligans Flat Woodland Sanctuary in Canberra using a combination of hard and soft release strategies. Eastern Curlews are the largest of all the world’s shorebirds, and call their call, a mournful ‘Cuuuurrlew’, ringing out beautifully across vast coastal wetlands. Find out more about the partnership, © The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) is a registered charity: England and Wales no. The reserve has seen more than thirty species of wading birds. Curlews are also declining more widely across their global breeding range and, consequently, their IUCN status is near threatened. None designated. Curlews are also declining more widely across their global breeding range and, consequently, their IUCN status is near threatened. The species is a UK BAP priority, and is Amber listed due to the international importance of both breeding and wintering populations in the UK, its unfavourable conservation status in Europe and the declines in UK breeding numbers. In New South Wales they are listed as Endangered and in Victoria, Threatened. Researchers believe that there are as few as 50 adult Slender-Billed Curlews left in the wild. The bulk of the breeding population (around 60 per cent) occurs in Scotland, with the majority of the remaining birds in northern England. Find out how to identify a bird just from the sound of its singing with our bird song identifier playlist. Within the UK, curlews breed on a range of habitats but are primarily birds of extensively managed rough grasslands, moorlands and bogs.