As goddess of measurements she ensured the king measured correctly in commissioning the building of temples and monuments and assisted him in measurements for rituals. In the story, after Osiris is murdered by his brother Set, Horus is raised by his mother in the Delta swamps. Min - An ancient fertility god from the Predynastic Period (c. 6000-3150 BCE). He is depicted as being present at the weighing of the heart of the soul in the afterlife or as a man standing in a posture of patience. Tetrads - Representations of completeness corresponding sometimes to the four cardinal points of the compass and best represented by the Four Sons of Horus. His name means "Opener of the Ways" and this has been interpreted as opening the way for king in battle, opening the way to the afterlife, and opening the way at one's birth. His name means "Lord of the Two Lands". In the Pyramid Texts, he attempts to kill all the gods with his breath of fire but is overpowered by the spirit of the dead king who saves creation. Worship of the gods of Egypt evolved over time as large cults developed on a local and then on a national scale (99). His symbols are the Eye of Horus and the hawk. Dedun - A protector god of resources, specifically of goods coming from Nubia. He is depicted as a jackal, sometimes wearing a scarf with a falcon before him. He was rather seen as a necessary balance to gods like Osiris and Horus who represented all things noble and good, fertility, vitality, and eternity. She is generally regarded as an aspect of Bastet or Sekhmet but quite possibly she was a much older deity whose attributes were absorbed by later leonine goddesses. She was depicted as a woman with a rabbit's head or a serpent with a rabbit's head and is often referred to as "the rabbit goddess". Known as "She of the West", Amenet was the consort of the Divine Ferryman. A very ancient goddess, she was sent by Ra to destroy humanity for their sins. Lates-Fish - The Nile perch sacred to the goddess Neith, worshipped as a divine entity as Esna. Sobek is one of the best known gods of ancient Egypt and was extremely popular in his time. She had no formal cult or temple but was an integral part of the Egyptian's understanding of time: that it was imbued, like everything else, with personality and vitality. Aker - The deified horizon, guardian of the eastern and western horizons of the afterlife. Defeated Set, his uncle, after Osiris took his place among the dead. The Hyksos identified Set with the warlike aspect of their god Baal. She was the daughter of Ra who appears in one of the most important stories concerning the Eye of Ra/Distant Goddess motif. Goddess of cats, fertility, childbirth and women’s secrets; warder away of evil spirits and misfortune from the home; feline defender of the innocent daughter of Ra. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 14 Apr 2016. Meskhenet was present at one's birth, created one's ka (aspect of the soul) and breathed it into one's body. Spell 17 also claims that this is the origin of cats on earth. Sutekh - The Semitic name for the god Set (Seth) which the people known as the Hyksos introduced during the Second Intermediate Period (c. 1782-1570 BCE). She may have been an early Mother Goddess who evolved into a deity who protected people (especially children) from scorpion venom and then to one who protected from all venom. God of the Sky; son of Osiris and Isis. Sia formed a dyad with Hu (representing the tongue), personification of the authority of the spoken word, and a triad with Hu and Heka, god of magic and medicine but also the primordial force in the universe which empowered life and sustained ma'at. She is depicted as a woman holding the Was sceptre and ankh and a staff adorned with ribbons but is also shown with a bow and arrows and an axe representing the military might of Thebes. He was worshipped with Hathor at Dendera and invoked at festivals. She is depicted as a serpent with a woman's head. "Egyptian Gods - The Complete List." Her priests were largely physicians who invoked her name in healing. This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 09:57. The name means "Great of Magic"and is associated with the uraeus and the crown of Lower Egypt. She was an early goddess of Egypt depicted as a cow with a tray of food on her horns and milk flowing freely from her udders. Tutu - A protective god known as "He Who Keeps Enemies at a Distance", worshipped during the latter part of Egypt's history. His consorts were Anat and Astarte, both goddesses associated with war and both from foreign countries, as well as Taweret, the benign protective goddess of childbirth and fertility. Last modified April 14, 2016. He held power over fire and was strong enough to destroy the gods. His attributes were eventually absorbed by Horus. It was associated with Osiris through the imagery of rebirth as the bird was closely connected to the sun which died each night and rose again the next morning. His association with the Sphinx of Giza comes from these foreign workers who believed the Sphinx represented Haurun and built a shrine to their god in front of the statue. Khepri - An aspect of Ra the sun god in his morning form, represented by the scarab beetle. Ra (Re) Imentet and Ra from the tomb of Nefertari, 13th century BC. 1. Imsety - A protector god, one of the Four Sons of Horus who protected the canopic jar holding the liver. Aten - The sun disk, originally a sun deity who was elevated by pharaoh Akhenaten (1353-1336 BCE) to the position of sole god, creator of the universe. Sekhmet continued to exist in her leonine form, however, and was the patron deity of the military for her powers of destruction and vengeance. This website also explores some of the origins of mythology and includes appearances of familiar mythological characters in popular culture. Haurun - A protector god associated with the Great Sphinx of Giza. What Animals Have Been Taken into the Ranks of the Household Cavalry? Husband of Nut; father of Osiris, Isis, Set, Nephthys and Horus (the elder). Hraf-haf is depicted as a man in a boat with his head facing behind him. She was worshipped during the period of the Old Kingdom (c. 2613-2181 BCE) as a life-giving spirit who also protected the souls of the dead in the afterlife. Web. They were depicted as dwarf-gods and worn for protection. He presided over the Sed Festival (also known as the Heb-Sed Festival) which was held every thirty years of a king's rule to rejuvenate him. She was worshipped from the Old Kingdom (c. 2613-2181 BCE) where she was represented as guarding the king's head, protecting him after death, gathering up his bones, and assuring him welcome by the other gods in the afterlife. Field of Offerings - A region of the afterlife devoted to Osiris, located to the west. In early myths, he was the god who fashioned human beings from the clay of the Nile River and then held them high so the light of Ra could shine upon them and give them life. No temples were ever raised to him but he is referenced in some manuscripts which indicate he was a concern to seafarers who may have worn amulets with his image for protection. She fell asleep and woke as the benevolent goddess who was a friend to all. Fetket - The butler of the sun god Ra who served him his drinks, patron god of bartenders. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. They had names like Far-Strider, Fire-Embracer, Demolisher, Disturber, Owner of Faces, and Serpent Who Brings and Gives, among others. Sothis - The personification of the star Sirius (the "dog star") whose appearance heralded the annual inundation of the Nile.