This difference was largest in 2006 and 2019, although still only slightly more than 1 percentage point. In other words, the EU is considered as a single trading entity and trade flows are measured into and out of the area, but not within it. Agricultural products can be subdivided into three main groups: animal products, vegetable products and foodstuffs (see Figure 4). This article is part of an online publication providing recent statistics on international trade in goods, covering information on the EU's main partners, main products traded, specific characteristics of trade as well as background information. In 2019, the United Kingdom (€9 555 million, 23 %) was the EU's largest export destination for vegetable products, while the United States (€6 389 million, 10 %) was the largest origin of EU imports (see Figure 11). Since exports (€99 billion) were higher than imports (€49 billion) there was a trade surplus of €50 billion. From 2002 to 2004, the share was roughly equal for exports and imports but since 2005 the share for exports is higher than for imports. In 2019, extra-EU trade in agricultural products accounted for 8.0 % of the total extra EU-27 international trade in goods. In exports of animal products, the largest chapters were 'meat and edible meat offal' (38 %, €15 billion) and 'dairy produce; birds' eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included' (37 %, €15 billion). The EU-27 imported 153 million tonnes of agricultural products in 2019, while it exported 134 million tonnes million tonnes (see Figure 3). Apart from the harmonised commodity description and coding system (HS), managed by the World Customs Organization, data on trade is also available in the United Nations’ Standard International Trade Classification (SITC revision 4) and in the Broad Economic Categories (BEC) classification, the latter using end–use categories more adapted to economic analysis. This section shows exports and imports data at subnational level for United Kingdom. In 2019, the value of total trade (imports plus exports) of foodstuffs between the EU-27 and the rest of the world was €147 billion (see Figure 8). In 2002, the EU-27 share of agricultural products in total trade was 7.3 %, rising to 8.0 % in 2019 (see Figure 1). Topics . The EU-27 data reflect the political change in the EU composition. In imports of animal products, the largest chapter was 'fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates' (69 %, €23 billion), There are ten chapters in the vegetable products category. For this reason data on trade with the United Kingdom are not fully comparable with data on trade with other extra-EU-27 trade partners. Figure 3 shows how food imports have varied annually in relation to total agricultural exports. They correspond to the statistical value, i.e. The largest chapter in export of foodstuffs was 'beverages, spirits and vinegar' (33 %, €34 billion). Each of the categories discussed above can be subdivided into chapters (see Figure 5). Total value of U.S. agricultural exports from 2012 to 2020 Total value of U.S. agricultural imports 2012-2020 Average value of U.S. farm real estate per acre 1970-2020 Therefore the United Kingdom is considered as an extra-EU partner country for the EU-27. The state of Australian agricultural exports. Between 2002 and 2019, EU trade in animal products more than doubled, equivalent to an average annual growth of 4.9 %. International trade aggregated and detailed statistics disseminated from Eurostat website are compiled from COMEXT data according to a monthly process. Here too, exports (3.4 %) grew faster than imports (1.7 %). While the EU-27 imports mostly simple unprocessed agricultural goods, exports from the European Union are principally processed food products. Foodstuffs made up 56 % of EU exports of agricultural products in 2017, vegetables 22 % and animal products 22 %. In exports of vegetable products, the largest chapter was 'animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products; prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes' (17 %, €7 billion). Charts and Graphs. In this period, exports (5.8 %) grew faster than imports (3.6 %). Between 2002 and 2019, the total trade volume had an average annual growth rate of 2.5 %. This section shows exports and imports data at subnational level for Russia. The total value of imports and exports of agricultural products between the EU and the rest of the world was EUR 275 billion in 2017. Since exports (€42 billion) were lower than imports (€64 billion) there was trade deficit of €22 billion. To contact us: [email protected] Click any date in the line plot, any subnational region in the geomap, or any product, destination or origin country to explore the exports or imports behavior of Russia over time. In international trade statistics, several classifications are used. Agricultural products can be divided into three product categories: vegetables (trees, plants, vegetables, fruit, coffee, cereals, seeds and oil), foodstuffs (various types of processed goods deriving from vegetable and animal products such as sugar, beverages, tobacco and prepared animal fodder) and animal products (live animals, meat, fish, crustaceans, dairy produce, eggs, honey etc.). In this period, imports (5.3 %) grew faster than exports (4.8 %). Statistics on international trade in agricultural commodities are fundamental in the evaluation and understanding of problems related to several political agendas, such as trade negotiations, food security, cooperation and aid towards developing countries and global sustainability. Data on international trade in agriculture products is used for two of the common EU policies: the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and the common trade policy which manages trade relations with non-EU countries. This page was last modified on 17 September 2020, at 12:21. Food Products Exports by country and region in US$ Thousand 2016 In 2016, the top countries and regions to which Food Products were Exports include United … EU data comes from Eurostat’s COMEXT database. Since exports (€182 billion) were higher than imports (€143 billion) there was a trade surplus of €39 billion. In 2019, the United Kingdom was both the EU's largest export destination for agricultural products and the largest origin of EU imports. Data on trade in agricultural products is central for two important EU policies: the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and the common trade policy, which manages trade relations with non-EU countries. Comparison in Time # permalink to section. to the amount which would be invoiced in case of sale or purchase at the national border of the reporting country. This article analyses data on trade in agricultural products, concentrating on exports and imports between the European Union (EU) and all countries outside the EU (extra-EU). In this article, agricultural products are classified according to the sub-headings of the Combined Nomenclature (CN), based on the international classification known as the Harmonized commodity description and coding system (HS) administered by the World Customs Organization.