��j�!P+�X&h$R�Yv�a�a����p��� �le�l��f�|1����=�xB��E�}UF��B:�"�[K���� �VCD Part of Springer Nature. In: J. Paasivirta (ed. The European ban on penta- and octaBDE's has already initiated decreasing trends in their environmental levels in Europe. Guan Y-F, Wang J-Z, Ni H-G, Luo X-J, Mai B0-X, Zeng EY (2007) Riverine inpunts of polybrominated diphenylethers from the Pearl River delta (China) to the coastal ocean. Schecter A, Harris TR, Shah N, Musumba A, Päpke O (2008) Brominated flame retardants in US food. Polder A, Venter B, Skaare J-U, Bouwman H (2008) Polybrominated diphenyl ethers and HBCD in bird eggs of South Africa. Julander A, Westberg H, Engwall M, van Bavel B (2005) Distribution of brominated flame retardants in different dust fractions in air from an electronics recycling facility. Kierkegaard A, Sellstroem U, McLachlan MS (2008) Environmental analysis of higher brominated PBDEs and decabro-modiphenyl ethane. The full report can be ordered from the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Customer Services, SE-106 48 Stockholm, Sweden. López P, Brandsma S, Leonards PEG, de Boer J (2009) Methods for the determination of phenolic brominated flame retardants, and by-products, formulation intermediates and decomposition products of brominated flame retardants in water. :����E��5�����sH?�a��R+��(f� r!�� ��k1��1.aX"�`�e������_��A� ��L �*��ә�&h�L`:`q �>o3�[��4�����H�8�38�X&��)�82u��:��`�T%����eP8��)9�8 � �� endstream endobj 144 0 obj 484 endobj 115 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 98 0 R /Resources 116 0 R /Contents 123 0 R /Thumb 67 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 467 666 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 467 666 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 116 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F2 120 0 R /F3 118 0 R /F4 119 0 R /F5 125 0 R /F6 131 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS2 138 0 R >> >> endobj 117 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 699 /CapHeight 653 /Descent -205 /Flags 98 /FontBBox [ -169 -217 1010 883 ] /FontName /MDFNHD+Times-Italic /ItalicAngle -15.5 /StemV 76 /XHeight 441 /StemH 76 /CharSet (/R/e/c/i/v/d/space/A/p/r/l/one/two/comma/zero/six/t/J/u/n/three/I/o/B/F/\ s/y/b/m/a/h/x/O/k/C/S/P/f/g/E/U/G) /FontFile3 139 0 R >> endobj 118 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 238 /Widths [ 250 333 408 500 500 833 778 180 333 333 500 564 250 333 250 278 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 278 278 564 564 564 444 921 722 667 667 722 611 556 722 722 333 389 722 611 889 722 722 556 722 667 556 611 722 722 944 722 722 611 333 278 333 469 500 333 444 500 444 500 444 333 500 500 278 278 500 278 778 500 500 500 500 333 389 278 500 500 722 500 500 444 480 200 480 541 250 722 0 0 611 0 722 0 444 0 0 0 0 0 0 444 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 500 0 0 0 0 0 760 0 333 333 250 0 722 250 564 250 250 0 500 250 250 250 250 250 0 0 250 0 0 0 0 0 250 0 250 250 0 0 0 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 0 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 722 0 0 0 0 0 0 722 ] /Encoding /MacRomanEncoding /BaseFont /MDFNGB+Times-Roman /FontDescriptor 122 0 R >> endobj 119 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 121 /Widths [ 250 333 420 500 500 833 778 214 333 333 500 675 250 333 250 278 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 333 333 675 675 675 500 920 611 611 667 722 611 611 722 722 333 444 667 556 833 667 722 611 722 611 500 556 722 611 833 611 556 556 389 278 389 422 500 333 500 500 444 500 444 278 500 500 278 278 444 278 722 500 500 500 500 389 389 278 500 444 667 444 444 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /MDFNHD+Times-Italic /FontDescriptor 117 0 R >> endobj 120 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 120 /Widths [ 250 333 555 500 500 1000 833 278 333 333 500 570 250 333 250 278 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 333 333 570 570 570 500 930 722 667 722 722 667 611 778 778 389 500 778 667 944 722 778 611 778 722 556 667 722 722 1000 722 722 667 333 278 333 581 500 333 500 556 444 556 444 333 500 556 278 333 556 278 833 556 500 556 556 444 389 333 556 500 722 500 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /MDFNEP+Times-Bold /FontDescriptor 121 0 R >> endobj 121 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 699 /CapHeight 676 /Descent -205 /Flags 262178 /FontBBox [ -168 -218 1000 935 ] /FontName /MDFNEP+Times-Bold /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 139 /XHeight 461 /StemH 139 /CharSet (/B/r/o/m/i/n/a/t/e/d/space/F/l/R/s/h/E/v/colon/T/S/u/c/f/parenleft/w/par\ enright/A/b/x/H/p/k/g/one/zero/five/three/four/two/seven/six/nine/eight) /FontFile3 137 0 R >> endobj 122 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 699 /CapHeight 662 /Descent -217 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -168 -218 1000 898 ] /FontName /MDFNGB+Times-Roman /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 84 /XHeight 450 /StemH 84 /CharSet (/P/period/space/M/I/K/U/L/A/comma/Z/S/V/O/B/D/Aacute/acute/F/a/c/u/l/t/y\ /o/f/e/r/i/n/H/g/d/E/v/s/h/m/C/z/R/p/b/k/aacute/colon/T/parenleft/w/pare\ nright/two/zero/six/seven/five/eight/hyphen/nine/q/x/G/W/one/N/semicolon\ /four/slash/three/X/Y/Odieresis/dieresis/percent/plusminus/less/odieresi\ s/j/J/equal/bracketleft/bracketright/eacute/quoteright/Oslash/Oacute/Adi\ eresis/Eacute) /FontFile3 134 0 R >> endobj 123 0 obj << /Length 2718 /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream A number of BFRs, such as penta- and octabromodiphenyl ethers (penta- and octaBDE's) and hexabromocyclododecane were identified as bioaccumulating and potentially toxic compounds. Borghesi N, Corsolini S, Focardi S (2008) Levels and polybrominated diphenyl ethers and (PBDEs) and organochlorine pollutants in two species of Antarctic fish (. Kierkegaard A, Björklund J, Fridén U (2004) Identification of the flame retardant decabro-modiphenyl ethane. De Boer, J (2006) The use of GC-MS and LC-MS in the environmental monitoring of brominated flame retardants. o\w�vw��E��ܫ%�tƨ'"���cOք�2*��Lz�l�c�~��y�,���u��yũ�ڮUB^)���Xd}�U=�8_^$�m�=ܲɳ@�K��N�&6r�}'��K��|�(4���P��@P��I���li��p����QM\�?�d�Af������ݭ�����ʍL�D)}x�V����a"ϕ��-�aW��-��e����V�yd)"@��N��\DžuX��A���5��E׵�գ6!�7{�K(���݈����{�v|�y��t�tv]b�. In this paper, the current state of knowledge is reviewed and areas for further research recommended to improve future monitoring and risk assessment efforts.